Modeling the National Ignition Facility neutron imaging system

D. C. Wilson, G. P. Grim, I. L. Tregillis, M. D. Wilke, M. V. Patel, S. M. Sepke, G. L. Morgan, R. Hatarik, E. N. Loomis, C. H. Wilde, J. A. Oertel, V. E. Fatherley, D. D. Clark, D. N. Fittinghoff, D. E. Bower, M. J. Schmitt, M. M. Marinak, D. H. Munro, F. E. Merrill, M. J. MoranT. S.F. Wang, C. R. Danly, R. A. Hilko, S. H. Batha, Matthias Frank, R. Buckles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Numerical modeling of the neutron imaging system for the National Ignition Facility (NIF), forward from calculated target neutron emission to a camera image, will guide both the reduction of data and the future development of the system. Located 28 m from target chamber center, the system can produce two images at different neutron energies by gating on neutron arrival time. The brighter image, using neutrons near 14 MeV, reflects the size and symmetry of the implosion "hot spot." A second image in scattered neutrons, 10-12 MeV, reflects the size and symmetry of colder, denser fuel, but with only ∼1%-7% of the neutrons. A misalignment of the pinhole assembly up to ±175 μm is covered by a set of 37 subapertures with different pointings. The model includes the variability of the pinhole point spread function across the field of view. Omega experiments provided absolute calibration, scintillator spatial broadening, and the level of residual light in the down-scattered image from the primary neutrons. Application of the model to light decay measurements of EJ399, BC422, BCF99-55, Xylene, DPAC-30, and Liquid A suggests that DPAC-30 and Liquid A would be preferred over the BCF99-55 scintillator chosen for the first NIF system, if they could be fabricated into detectors with sufficient resolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number10D335
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume81
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

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    Wilson, D. C., Grim, G. P., Tregillis, I. L., Wilke, M. D., Patel, M. V., Sepke, S. M., Morgan, G. L., Hatarik, R., Loomis, E. N., Wilde, C. H., Oertel, J. A., Fatherley, V. E., Clark, D. D., Fittinghoff, D. N., Bower, D. E., Schmitt, M. J., Marinak, M. M., Munro, D. H., Merrill, F. E., ... Buckles, R. (2010). Modeling the National Ignition Facility neutron imaging system. Review of Scientific Instruments, 81(10), [10D335]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3496993