MMPI-2 personality profiles of high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorders

Sally J Ozonoff, Nicanor Garcia, Elaine Clark, Janet E. Lainhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Second Edition was administered to 20 adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who fell in the average to above average range of intelligence and 24 age-, intelligence-, and gender-matched college students. Large group differences, with the ASD group scoring higher, were found on the L validity scale, Clinical Scales 2 (D) and 0 (Si), Content scale Social Discomfort (SOD), Supplementary scale Repression (R), and Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) scale INTR (Introversion). The proportion of ASD adults scoring in the clinical range on these scales was between 25% and 35%. High scores on these scales are consistent with the clinical picture of Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism in adulthood. Future directions and implications for identifying adults in need of a specialized autism assessment are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-95
Number of pages10
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2005


  • Asperger syndrome
  • Autism
  • Diagnosis
  • MMPI-2
  • Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology


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