Mitochondria have been widely studied for their critical role in cellular metabolism, energy production, and cell death. New developments in research on mitochondria derived from studies in yeast have led to the discovery of entirely new mitochondrial processes that have implications for mitochondrial function in heart failure. Recent studies have identified that maintaining normal mitochondrial morphology and function depends on the dynamic balance of mitochondrial fusion and fission (division). Mitochondrial fusion and fission are constant ongoing processes, which are essential for the maintenance of normal mitochondrial function. Studies in heart failure have been limited but suggest a possible reduction in mitochondrial fusion. As mitochondrial fusion and fission have important links to apoptosis, a key mechanism of loss of cardiac myocytes in heart failure, there are many implications for both heart failure research and treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Emergency Medicine