MiR-125b promotes growth of prostate cancer xenograft tumor through targeting pro-apoptotic genes

Xu Bao Shi, Lingru Xue, Ai Hong Ma, Clifford G Tepper, Hsing-Jien Kung, Ralph W deVere White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

136 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Increasing evidence demonstrates that aberrantly regulated microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to the initiation and progression of human cancer. We previously have demonstrated that miR-125b stimulated the growth of prostate cancer (CaP) cells. In this study, we further determined the influence of miR-125b on the pathogenesis of CaP. Methods To evaluate the effect of miR-125b on xenograft tumor growth, male athymic mice were subcutaneously injected with PC-346C-miR-125b cells that stably overexpressed miR-125b. Potential direct target transcripts of miR-125b were identified using a bioinformatics approach and three miR-125b targeted molecules were confirmed by means of biochemical analyses. Results Enforced expression of miR-125b promoted tumor growth in both intact and castrated male nude mice. In an effort to define the molecular mechanism(s) mediating its tumor growth properties, we found that miR-125b directly targets eight transcripts, including three key pro-apoptotic genes: p53, Puma, and Bak1. Increasing the abundance of miR-125b resulted in a dramatic decrease in the levels of these three proteins in CaP cells. A direct repressive effect on each of these was supported by the ability of miR-125b to significantly reduce the activity of luciferase reporters containing their 3â-untranslated regions of each gene encompassing the miR-125b-binding sites. Additionally, we found that repression of miR-125b activity was able to sensitize CaP cells to different therapeutic interventions. Conclusion Data obtained in this study demonstrate that miR-125b promotes growth of prostatic xenograft tumors by down-regulating three key pro-apoptotic genes. This suggests that miR-125b is oncogenic and makes it an attractive therapeutic target in CaP. Prostate 77:538-549, 2011.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)538-549
Number of pages12
JournalProstate
Volume71
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Fingerprint

Heterografts
Prostatic Neoplasms
Growth
Genes
Neoplasms
Nude Mice
Puma
p53 Genes
3' Untranslated Regions
Computational Biology
Luciferases
MicroRNAs
Prostate
Binding Sites
Therapeutics
Proteins

Keywords

  • microRNA
  • p53
  • pro-apoptotic gene
  • prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Oncology

Cite this

MiR-125b promotes growth of prostate cancer xenograft tumor through targeting pro-apoptotic genes. / Shi, Xu Bao; Xue, Lingru; Ma, Ai Hong; Tepper, Clifford G; Kung, Hsing-Jien; deVere White, Ralph W.

In: Prostate, Vol. 71, No. 5, 04.2011, p. 538-549.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shi, Xu Bao ; Xue, Lingru ; Ma, Ai Hong ; Tepper, Clifford G ; Kung, Hsing-Jien ; deVere White, Ralph W. / MiR-125b promotes growth of prostate cancer xenograft tumor through targeting pro-apoptotic genes. In: Prostate. 2011 ; Vol. 71, No. 5. pp. 538-549.
@article{1c83a2fa76e34a4aa6976a9256747954,
title = "MiR-125b promotes growth of prostate cancer xenograft tumor through targeting pro-apoptotic genes",
abstract = "Background Increasing evidence demonstrates that aberrantly regulated microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to the initiation and progression of human cancer. We previously have demonstrated that miR-125b stimulated the growth of prostate cancer (CaP) cells. In this study, we further determined the influence of miR-125b on the pathogenesis of CaP. Methods To evaluate the effect of miR-125b on xenograft tumor growth, male athymic mice were subcutaneously injected with PC-346C-miR-125b cells that stably overexpressed miR-125b. Potential direct target transcripts of miR-125b were identified using a bioinformatics approach and three miR-125b targeted molecules were confirmed by means of biochemical analyses. Results Enforced expression of miR-125b promoted tumor growth in both intact and castrated male nude mice. In an effort to define the molecular mechanism(s) mediating its tumor growth properties, we found that miR-125b directly targets eight transcripts, including three key pro-apoptotic genes: p53, Puma, and Bak1. Increasing the abundance of miR-125b resulted in a dramatic decrease in the levels of these three proteins in CaP cells. A direct repressive effect on each of these was supported by the ability of miR-125b to significantly reduce the activity of luciferase reporters containing their 3{\^a}-untranslated regions of each gene encompassing the miR-125b-binding sites. Additionally, we found that repression of miR-125b activity was able to sensitize CaP cells to different therapeutic interventions. Conclusion Data obtained in this study demonstrate that miR-125b promotes growth of prostatic xenograft tumors by down-regulating three key pro-apoptotic genes. This suggests that miR-125b is oncogenic and makes it an attractive therapeutic target in CaP. Prostate 77:538-549, 2011.",
keywords = "microRNA, p53, pro-apoptotic gene, prostate cancer",
author = "Shi, {Xu Bao} and Lingru Xue and Ma, {Ai Hong} and Tepper, {Clifford G} and Hsing-Jien Kung and {deVere White}, {Ralph W}",
year = "2011",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1002/pros.21270",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "71",
pages = "538--549",
journal = "Prostate",
issn = "0270-4137",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - MiR-125b promotes growth of prostate cancer xenograft tumor through targeting pro-apoptotic genes

AU - Shi, Xu Bao

AU - Xue, Lingru

AU - Ma, Ai Hong

AU - Tepper, Clifford G

AU - Kung, Hsing-Jien

AU - deVere White, Ralph W

PY - 2011/4

Y1 - 2011/4

N2 - Background Increasing evidence demonstrates that aberrantly regulated microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to the initiation and progression of human cancer. We previously have demonstrated that miR-125b stimulated the growth of prostate cancer (CaP) cells. In this study, we further determined the influence of miR-125b on the pathogenesis of CaP. Methods To evaluate the effect of miR-125b on xenograft tumor growth, male athymic mice were subcutaneously injected with PC-346C-miR-125b cells that stably overexpressed miR-125b. Potential direct target transcripts of miR-125b were identified using a bioinformatics approach and three miR-125b targeted molecules were confirmed by means of biochemical analyses. Results Enforced expression of miR-125b promoted tumor growth in both intact and castrated male nude mice. In an effort to define the molecular mechanism(s) mediating its tumor growth properties, we found that miR-125b directly targets eight transcripts, including three key pro-apoptotic genes: p53, Puma, and Bak1. Increasing the abundance of miR-125b resulted in a dramatic decrease in the levels of these three proteins in CaP cells. A direct repressive effect on each of these was supported by the ability of miR-125b to significantly reduce the activity of luciferase reporters containing their 3â-untranslated regions of each gene encompassing the miR-125b-binding sites. Additionally, we found that repression of miR-125b activity was able to sensitize CaP cells to different therapeutic interventions. Conclusion Data obtained in this study demonstrate that miR-125b promotes growth of prostatic xenograft tumors by down-regulating three key pro-apoptotic genes. This suggests that miR-125b is oncogenic and makes it an attractive therapeutic target in CaP. Prostate 77:538-549, 2011.

AB - Background Increasing evidence demonstrates that aberrantly regulated microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to the initiation and progression of human cancer. We previously have demonstrated that miR-125b stimulated the growth of prostate cancer (CaP) cells. In this study, we further determined the influence of miR-125b on the pathogenesis of CaP. Methods To evaluate the effect of miR-125b on xenograft tumor growth, male athymic mice were subcutaneously injected with PC-346C-miR-125b cells that stably overexpressed miR-125b. Potential direct target transcripts of miR-125b were identified using a bioinformatics approach and three miR-125b targeted molecules were confirmed by means of biochemical analyses. Results Enforced expression of miR-125b promoted tumor growth in both intact and castrated male nude mice. In an effort to define the molecular mechanism(s) mediating its tumor growth properties, we found that miR-125b directly targets eight transcripts, including three key pro-apoptotic genes: p53, Puma, and Bak1. Increasing the abundance of miR-125b resulted in a dramatic decrease in the levels of these three proteins in CaP cells. A direct repressive effect on each of these was supported by the ability of miR-125b to significantly reduce the activity of luciferase reporters containing their 3â-untranslated regions of each gene encompassing the miR-125b-binding sites. Additionally, we found that repression of miR-125b activity was able to sensitize CaP cells to different therapeutic interventions. Conclusion Data obtained in this study demonstrate that miR-125b promotes growth of prostatic xenograft tumors by down-regulating three key pro-apoptotic genes. This suggests that miR-125b is oncogenic and makes it an attractive therapeutic target in CaP. Prostate 77:538-549, 2011.

KW - microRNA

KW - p53

KW - pro-apoptotic gene

KW - prostate cancer

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79951529658&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79951529658&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/pros.21270

DO - 10.1002/pros.21270

M3 - Article

C2 - 20886540

AN - SCOPUS:79951529658

VL - 71

SP - 538

EP - 549

JO - Prostate

JF - Prostate

SN - 0270-4137

IS - 5

ER -