Video-assisted thoracic surgery provides a minimally invasive option for the assessment of intrathoracic metastatic disease and should have an emerging role in the staging of veterinary cancer patients. Experimental studies have documented the feasibility of this technique. Early work suggests that emerging techniques of pre- and intraoperative lymphography for sentinel lymph node mapping in combination with thoracoscopic lymph node biopsy have the potential to improve diagnosis and therapeutic recommendations in veterinary patients.
- Lymph node
- Near-infrared fluorescent imaging
- Sentinel lymph node
- Video-assisted thoracic surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas