Minimal inhibitory concentrations of antimicrobial agents against Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae.

M. Nadeau, S. Larivière, Robert Higgins, G. P. Martineau

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Abstract

Forty-five isolates of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae were tested for susceptibility to 12 antimicrobial agents using a microdilution method for the minimal inhibitory concentration determinations. These results confirmed the high prevalence of A. pleuropneumoniae strains resistant to antibiotics as reported earlier using the disc diffusion method (Kirby-Bauer method). While 36% of the isolates were resistant to the penicillins, 47% were resistant to chloramphenicol and 68% were resistant to tetracycline. Minimal inhibitory concentrations for the resistant isolates were approximately 32 times higher than those for the susceptible isolates to the above antibacterial agents. The isolates were in general weakly susceptible or resistant to spectinomycin, lincomycin, tiamulin and spiramycin whereas most of them were susceptible to gentamicin, trimethoprim and erythromycin. The susceptibility pattern was similar throughout the 1980 to 1984 period. The 14 serotype 5 isolates were more resistant to tetracycline but less resistant to chloramphenicol and the penicillins than the 28 serotype 1 isolates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-318
Number of pages4
JournalCanadian journal of veterinary research = Revue canadienne de recherche veterinaire
Volume52
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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