Knowledge of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) or pharmacokinetics properties is essential for drug development and safe use of medicine. Varied or altered ADME may lead to a loss of efficacy or adverse drug effects. Understanding the causes of variations in drug disposition and response has proven critical for the practice of personalized or precision medicine. The rise of noncoding microRNA (miRNA) pharmacoepigenetics and pharmacoepigenomics has come with accumulating evidence supporting the role of miRNAs in the modulation of ADME gene expression and then drug disposition and response. In this article, we review the advances in miRNA pharmacoepigenetics including the mechanistic actions of miRNAs in the modulation of Phase I and II drug-metabolizing enzymes, efflux and uptake transporters, and xenobiotic receptors or transcription factors after briefly introducing the characteristics of miRNA-mediated posttranscriptional gene regulation. Consequently, miRNAs may have significant influence on drug disposition and response. Therefore, research on miRNA pharmacoepigenetics shall not only improve mechanistic understanding of variations in pharmacotherapy but also provide novel insights into developing more effective therapeutic strategies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science