MHC class-I-restricted CD8 T cells play a protective role during primary Salmonella infection

Seung Joo Lee, Samantha Dunmire, Stephen J Mcsorley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protective immunity against Salmonella infection is known to require CD4 Th1 cells and B cells, but the role of MHC class-I-restricted CD8 T cells is less clear. Previous studies have suggested that CD8 T cells participate in secondary, but not primary, bacterial clearance. However, these studies have used experimental models that are difficult to interpret and do not clearly isolate the role of MHC class-I-restricted CD8 T cells from other cell populations. Here, we examined the role of class-I-restricted T cells in protection against Salmonella infection using mice lacking all classical MHC class-Ia molecules, perforin, or granzyme B. Immunized KbDb-, perforin-, granzyme B-, or perforin/granzyme B-deficient mice were able to resolve secondary infection with virulent Salmonella, demonstrating that class-I-restricted CTLs are not required for acquired immunity. However, during primary infection with attenuated bacteria, bacterial clearance was delayed in each of these mouse strains when compared to wild-type mice. Taken together, these data demonstrate that CD8 T cells are not required for acquired immunity to Salmonella, but can play a protective role in resolving primary infection with attenuated bacteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-143
Number of pages6
JournalImmunology Letters
Volume148
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 2012

Keywords

  • Acquired immunity
  • CD8 T cells
  • Infection
  • Salmonella

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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