Methylene chloride exposure and birthweight in Monroe County, New York

Beth P. Bell, Peter Franks, Nancy Hildreth, James Melius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This study examined the relationship between birthweight and exposure to emissions of methylene chloride (DCM) from manufacturing processes of the Eastman Kodak Company at Kodak Park in Rochester, Monroe County, New York. County census tracts were categorized as exposed to high, moderate, low or no DCM based on the Kodak Air Monitoring Program (KAMP) model, a theoretical dispersion model of DCM developed by Eastman Kodak Company. Birthweight and information on variables known to influence birthweight were obtained from 91,302 birth certificates of white singleton births to Monroe County residents from 1976 to 1987. No significant adverse effects of exposure to DCM on birthweight were found. Adjusted birthweight in high exposure census tracts was 18.7 g less than in areas with no exposure (95% confidence interval for the difference between high and no exposure -51.6, 14.2 g). Problems inherent in the method of estimation of exposure, which may decrease power or bias the results, are discussed. Better methods to estimate exposure to emissions from multiple industrial point sources are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)


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