Methylation and amplification of mouse mammary tumor virus DNA in normal, premalignant, and malignant cells of GR/A mice

T. G. Fanning, A. B. Vassos, Robert Cardiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The methylation and amplification of mouse mammary tumor virus (MuMTV) proviral DNA was investigated in normal, premalignant, and malignant tissues of GR/A mice. The proviral methylation pattern was examined with the restriction enzyme HhaI, which fails to cleave methylated DNA. MuMTV proviral DNA from liver, kidney, and heart was highly methylated. Proviral DNA was somewhat undermethylated in mammary gland cells from virgin and lactating mice and extensively undermethylated in cells from premalignant outgrowths, pregnancy-dependent tumors, and pregnancy-independent tumors. The restriction enzyme SacI was used to detect additional proviruses in the same cells. No additional proviral copies of MuMTV were detected in liver, kidney, or heart cells or in mammary gland cells from virgin mice. Some mammary gland cells from lactating mice appeared to contain additional copies of the endogenous, highly oncogenic GR-MTV-2 provirus. Premalignant outgrowth, pregnancy-dependent tumor, and pregnancy-independent tumor cells contained an average of two to three additional copies per cell of the GR-MTV-2 proviral DNA amplification. Restriction enzyme analysis suggested that premalignant outgrowths and pregnancy-dependent tumors both consisted largely of heterogenous cell populations, although some evidence of clonal dominance was detected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1007-1013
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume41
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

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