Methionine requirement of the growing kitten, in the absence of dietary cystine

M. C. Schaeffer, Quinton Rogers, James Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the methionine requirement for maximal weight gain and nitrogen retention in growing kittens fed a 24% crystalline amino acid diet containing no cystine. Six male and six female kittens were fed each of six levels of methionine, 0.45, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1.0 and 1.5% of the diet, for 10 days in a 6 X 6 Latin square design. Diets were made isonitrogenous with alanine and were isocaloric with a calculated metabolizable energy of approximately 5.0 kcal/g, Food intake and body weight were recorded daily, and nitrogen balance for each cat in each 10-day period was determined. On the 7th day of each period, blood was drawn for subsequent analysis of plasma methionine concentrations. From growth response results, the methionine requirement in the absence of dietary cystine was estimated to be 0.70% of the diet for male and female kittens. On the basis of nitrogen balance results, the methionine requirement appeared to be slightly higher, at 0.75% of the diet for both sexes. Plasma methionine concentrations appear to increase exponentially with dietary methionine concentrations, and were of limited usefulness in estimating the methionine requirement of the kitten in the context of the experimental protocol used here.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)962-971
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume112
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

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Cystine
Methionine
Diet
Nitrogen
Alanine
Weight Gain
Cats
Eating
Body Weight
Amino Acids
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Methionine requirement of the growing kitten, in the absence of dietary cystine. / Schaeffer, M. C.; Rogers, Quinton; Morris, James.

In: Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 112, No. 5, 01.01.1982, p. 962-971.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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