Metals in neurodegeneration: Involvement of oxidants and oxidant-sensitive transcription factors

Patricia I Oteiza, Gerardo G. Mackenzie, Sandra V. Verstraeten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


Oxidant-mediated damage and the triggering of oxidant-sensitive transcription factors could be associated with the neurotoxic actions of aluminum, zinc and lead. Aluminum and lead could induce oxidative stress through their capacity to interact with active oxygen species, increasing their oxidant activity, or by affecting membrane rheology. Aluminum-membrane interactions can also affect signaling cascades. Zinc, at high and low concentrations, increases cell oxidant concentrations, affects AP-1 and NF-κB transcription factors and induces neuronal cell death. The capacity of lead to promote oxidative stress, affect cell signals and to induce cell death by apoptosis has been mostly attributed to its effect on different calcium-mediated cellular events. The mentioned mechanisms as well as the contribution of these metals to different neurodegenerative disorders are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-115
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Aspects of Medicine
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Feb 2004


  • Al, aluminum
  • IP, inositol triphosphate
  • O , superoxide anion
  • Pb, lead
  • PI-PLC, phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C
  • PIP, phosphatidylinositol biphosphate
  • PKC, protein kinase C
  • Zn, zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine


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