Metacognitive Awareness of Facial Affect in Higher-Functioning Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Camilla M. McMahon, Heather A. Henderson, Lisa Newell, Mark Jaime, Peter Clive Mundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


Higher-functioning participants with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) viewed a series of face stimuli, made decisions regarding the affect of each face, and indicated their confidence in each decision. Confidence significantly predicted accuracy across all participants, but this relation was stronger for participants with typical development than participants with ASD. In the hierarchical linear modeling analysis, there were no differences in face processing accuracy between participants with and without ASD, but participants with ASD were more confident in their decisions. These results suggest that individuals with ASD have metacognitive impairments and are overconfident in face processing. Additionally, greater metacognitive awareness was predictive of better face processing accuracy, suggesting that metacognition may be a pivotal skill to teach in interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)882-898
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016



  • Autism
  • Awareness
  • Face processing
  • Metacognition
  • Monitoring
  • Overconfidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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