Metabolism of Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids by Cytosolic Epoxide Hydrolase

Substrate Structural Determinants of Asymmetric Catalysis

D. C. Zeldin, S. Z. Wei, J. R. Falck, B. D. Hammock, J. R. Snapper, J. H. Capdevila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The metabolism of cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), methyl cis-epoxyeicosatrienoates, and cis-epoxyeicosanoic acids by cytosolic epoxide hydrolase was studied to identify substrate structural features important for stereoselective metabolism and chiral diol formation. 14(R), 15(S)-, 11(S),12(R)-, and 8(S),9(R)-EET, the predominant enantiomers present endogenously in rat organs, were metabolized at substantially higher rates than their antipodes. With the exception of 8(R),9(S)-EET (Km = 41 μM), differences in enantiomer hydration rates appear to be caused by Km-independent factors since the apparent Km values for the enantiomers of 14,15-, 11,12-, and 8(S),9(R)-EET were similar (between 3 and 5 μM). Chiral analysis of the diols resulting from enzymatic hydration of homochiral EETs showed that the regio and/or stereochemistry of water addition was EET regioisomer dependent. For the 11,12-EET enantiomers, water addition was nonregioselective; whereas, with both 8,9-EET antipodes water addition occurred predominantly at C9. Importantly, for 14,15-EET the regiochemistry of water addition was enantiomer-dependent. Only with 14(R),15(S)-EET did enzymatic hydration result in regiospecific addition at C15. Hence, enantioselective EET hydration is determined, principally, by enantiomer specific differences in rates of catalytic turnover and/or substrate binding parameters. On the other hand, the chirality of the diol products is determined by EET enantiomer-dependent differences in the regiochemistry of enzymatic oxirane cleavage and water addition. Esterification resulted in an overall reduction in the rates of epoxide hydration for all three EET-methyl esters (59, 89, and 68% of the EET rate for 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-EET-methyl ester, respectively) and in the loss of regioselectivity during methyl 8(S),9(R)-EET oxirane cleavage. Catalytic EET hydrogenation reduced the rates of EET hydration (56, 45, and 23% of the EET rates for 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-epoxyeicosanoic acids, respectively). Compared to 14,15-EET, enzyme catalyzed hydration of 14,15-epoxyeicosanoic acid was less regioselective and yielded products with a substantially lower chiral purity. Based on these data, as well as on the documentation of 14(R),15(R)-dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid as an endogenous constituent of rat urine we concluded that: (1) cytosolic epoxide hydrolase plays a significant role in the regio- and stereoselective metabolism of endogenous EETs; (2) differences in the affinities and/or turnover rates of the enzyme for the individual EET antipodes may be responsible for enantioselective EET metabolism; and (3) for 14,15- and 8,9-EET, regioselective and/or enantioselective oxirane water addition is responsible for asymmetric diol formation. The protein spatial coordinates responsible for the asymmetry of EET hydration and diol formation must be circumscribed by a highly structured active site capable of recognizing, regio- and stereospecifically, overall substrate polarity, freedom of CC bond rotation, and/or protein-substrate π-π dipole interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-451
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume316
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1995

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Epoxide Hydrolases
Enantiomers
Catalysis
Metabolism
Hydration
NSC 153174
Acids
Substrates
Ethylene Oxide
Water
Rats
Esters
Regioselectivity
Stereochemistry
Hydrogenation
8,9-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid
Esterification
Chirality
Epoxy Compounds
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Metabolism of Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids by Cytosolic Epoxide Hydrolase : Substrate Structural Determinants of Asymmetric Catalysis. / Zeldin, D. C.; Wei, S. Z.; Falck, J. R.; Hammock, B. D.; Snapper, J. R.; Capdevila, J. H.

In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Vol. 316, No. 1, 01.1995, p. 443-451.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zeldin, D. C. ; Wei, S. Z. ; Falck, J. R. ; Hammock, B. D. ; Snapper, J. R. ; Capdevila, J. H. / Metabolism of Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids by Cytosolic Epoxide Hydrolase : Substrate Structural Determinants of Asymmetric Catalysis. In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 1995 ; Vol. 316, No. 1. pp. 443-451.
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abstract = "The metabolism of cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), methyl cis-epoxyeicosatrienoates, and cis-epoxyeicosanoic acids by cytosolic epoxide hydrolase was studied to identify substrate structural features important for stereoselective metabolism and chiral diol formation. 14(R), 15(S)-, 11(S),12(R)-, and 8(S),9(R)-EET, the predominant enantiomers present endogenously in rat organs, were metabolized at substantially higher rates than their antipodes. With the exception of 8(R),9(S)-EET (Km = 41 μM), differences in enantiomer hydration rates appear to be caused by Km-independent factors since the apparent Km values for the enantiomers of 14,15-, 11,12-, and 8(S),9(R)-EET were similar (between 3 and 5 μM). Chiral analysis of the diols resulting from enzymatic hydration of homochiral EETs showed that the regio and/or stereochemistry of water addition was EET regioisomer dependent. For the 11,12-EET enantiomers, water addition was nonregioselective; whereas, with both 8,9-EET antipodes water addition occurred predominantly at C9. Importantly, for 14,15-EET the regiochemistry of water addition was enantiomer-dependent. Only with 14(R),15(S)-EET did enzymatic hydration result in regiospecific addition at C15. Hence, enantioselective EET hydration is determined, principally, by enantiomer specific differences in rates of catalytic turnover and/or substrate binding parameters. On the other hand, the chirality of the diol products is determined by EET enantiomer-dependent differences in the regiochemistry of enzymatic oxirane cleavage and water addition. Esterification resulted in an overall reduction in the rates of epoxide hydration for all three EET-methyl esters (59, 89, and 68{\%} of the EET rate for 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-EET-methyl ester, respectively) and in the loss of regioselectivity during methyl 8(S),9(R)-EET oxirane cleavage. Catalytic EET hydrogenation reduced the rates of EET hydration (56, 45, and 23{\%} of the EET rates for 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-epoxyeicosanoic acids, respectively). Compared to 14,15-EET, enzyme catalyzed hydration of 14,15-epoxyeicosanoic acid was less regioselective and yielded products with a substantially lower chiral purity. Based on these data, as well as on the documentation of 14(R),15(R)-dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid as an endogenous constituent of rat urine we concluded that: (1) cytosolic epoxide hydrolase plays a significant role in the regio- and stereoselective metabolism of endogenous EETs; (2) differences in the affinities and/or turnover rates of the enzyme for the individual EET antipodes may be responsible for enantioselective EET metabolism; and (3) for 14,15- and 8,9-EET, regioselective and/or enantioselective oxirane water addition is responsible for asymmetric diol formation. The protein spatial coordinates responsible for the asymmetry of EET hydration and diol formation must be circumscribed by a highly structured active site capable of recognizing, regio- and stereospecifically, overall substrate polarity, freedom of CC bond rotation, and/or protein-substrate π-π dipole interactions.",
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T1 - Metabolism of Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids by Cytosolic Epoxide Hydrolase

T2 - Substrate Structural Determinants of Asymmetric Catalysis

AU - Zeldin, D. C.

AU - Wei, S. Z.

AU - Falck, J. R.

AU - Hammock, B. D.

AU - Snapper, J. R.

AU - Capdevila, J. H.

PY - 1995/1

Y1 - 1995/1

N2 - The metabolism of cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), methyl cis-epoxyeicosatrienoates, and cis-epoxyeicosanoic acids by cytosolic epoxide hydrolase was studied to identify substrate structural features important for stereoselective metabolism and chiral diol formation. 14(R), 15(S)-, 11(S),12(R)-, and 8(S),9(R)-EET, the predominant enantiomers present endogenously in rat organs, were metabolized at substantially higher rates than their antipodes. With the exception of 8(R),9(S)-EET (Km = 41 μM), differences in enantiomer hydration rates appear to be caused by Km-independent factors since the apparent Km values for the enantiomers of 14,15-, 11,12-, and 8(S),9(R)-EET were similar (between 3 and 5 μM). Chiral analysis of the diols resulting from enzymatic hydration of homochiral EETs showed that the regio and/or stereochemistry of water addition was EET regioisomer dependent. For the 11,12-EET enantiomers, water addition was nonregioselective; whereas, with both 8,9-EET antipodes water addition occurred predominantly at C9. Importantly, for 14,15-EET the regiochemistry of water addition was enantiomer-dependent. Only with 14(R),15(S)-EET did enzymatic hydration result in regiospecific addition at C15. Hence, enantioselective EET hydration is determined, principally, by enantiomer specific differences in rates of catalytic turnover and/or substrate binding parameters. On the other hand, the chirality of the diol products is determined by EET enantiomer-dependent differences in the regiochemistry of enzymatic oxirane cleavage and water addition. Esterification resulted in an overall reduction in the rates of epoxide hydration for all three EET-methyl esters (59, 89, and 68% of the EET rate for 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-EET-methyl ester, respectively) and in the loss of regioselectivity during methyl 8(S),9(R)-EET oxirane cleavage. Catalytic EET hydrogenation reduced the rates of EET hydration (56, 45, and 23% of the EET rates for 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-epoxyeicosanoic acids, respectively). Compared to 14,15-EET, enzyme catalyzed hydration of 14,15-epoxyeicosanoic acid was less regioselective and yielded products with a substantially lower chiral purity. Based on these data, as well as on the documentation of 14(R),15(R)-dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid as an endogenous constituent of rat urine we concluded that: (1) cytosolic epoxide hydrolase plays a significant role in the regio- and stereoselective metabolism of endogenous EETs; (2) differences in the affinities and/or turnover rates of the enzyme for the individual EET antipodes may be responsible for enantioselective EET metabolism; and (3) for 14,15- and 8,9-EET, regioselective and/or enantioselective oxirane water addition is responsible for asymmetric diol formation. The protein spatial coordinates responsible for the asymmetry of EET hydration and diol formation must be circumscribed by a highly structured active site capable of recognizing, regio- and stereospecifically, overall substrate polarity, freedom of CC bond rotation, and/or protein-substrate π-π dipole interactions.

AB - The metabolism of cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), methyl cis-epoxyeicosatrienoates, and cis-epoxyeicosanoic acids by cytosolic epoxide hydrolase was studied to identify substrate structural features important for stereoselective metabolism and chiral diol formation. 14(R), 15(S)-, 11(S),12(R)-, and 8(S),9(R)-EET, the predominant enantiomers present endogenously in rat organs, were metabolized at substantially higher rates than their antipodes. With the exception of 8(R),9(S)-EET (Km = 41 μM), differences in enantiomer hydration rates appear to be caused by Km-independent factors since the apparent Km values for the enantiomers of 14,15-, 11,12-, and 8(S),9(R)-EET were similar (between 3 and 5 μM). Chiral analysis of the diols resulting from enzymatic hydration of homochiral EETs showed that the regio and/or stereochemistry of water addition was EET regioisomer dependent. For the 11,12-EET enantiomers, water addition was nonregioselective; whereas, with both 8,9-EET antipodes water addition occurred predominantly at C9. Importantly, for 14,15-EET the regiochemistry of water addition was enantiomer-dependent. Only with 14(R),15(S)-EET did enzymatic hydration result in regiospecific addition at C15. Hence, enantioselective EET hydration is determined, principally, by enantiomer specific differences in rates of catalytic turnover and/or substrate binding parameters. On the other hand, the chirality of the diol products is determined by EET enantiomer-dependent differences in the regiochemistry of enzymatic oxirane cleavage and water addition. Esterification resulted in an overall reduction in the rates of epoxide hydration for all three EET-methyl esters (59, 89, and 68% of the EET rate for 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-EET-methyl ester, respectively) and in the loss of regioselectivity during methyl 8(S),9(R)-EET oxirane cleavage. Catalytic EET hydrogenation reduced the rates of EET hydration (56, 45, and 23% of the EET rates for 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-epoxyeicosanoic acids, respectively). Compared to 14,15-EET, enzyme catalyzed hydration of 14,15-epoxyeicosanoic acid was less regioselective and yielded products with a substantially lower chiral purity. Based on these data, as well as on the documentation of 14(R),15(R)-dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid as an endogenous constituent of rat urine we concluded that: (1) cytosolic epoxide hydrolase plays a significant role in the regio- and stereoselective metabolism of endogenous EETs; (2) differences in the affinities and/or turnover rates of the enzyme for the individual EET antipodes may be responsible for enantioselective EET metabolism; and (3) for 14,15- and 8,9-EET, regioselective and/or enantioselective oxirane water addition is responsible for asymmetric diol formation. The protein spatial coordinates responsible for the asymmetry of EET hydration and diol formation must be circumscribed by a highly structured active site capable of recognizing, regio- and stereospecifically, overall substrate polarity, freedom of CC bond rotation, and/or protein-substrate π-π dipole interactions.

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