Metabolic, hemodynamic, and cardiac effects of captopril in young, spontaneously hypertensive rats

Arthur L Swislocki, T. L. Kinney Lapier, D. T. Khuu, K. Y. Fann, M. Tait, K. J. Rodnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) demonstrate elevated blood pressure, cardiac hypertrophy, glucose intolerance, and insulin resistance compared with age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). We investigated concurrent effects of captopril on blood pressure, cardiac mass, myocardial enzyme activities, glucose tolerance, and insulin action in young male SHR. At 10 weeks of age, SHR were randomized into two groups, one receiving distilled water, the other a captopril solution (50 mg/kg body weight/day). We also examined age-matched WKY receiving distilled water. Blood pressure was measured by tail-cuff during the 4-week treatment period and oral glucose tolerance was tested at the end of treatment. Hearts were weighed and ventricular tissue was assayed for activities of 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, citrate synthase, and hexokinase. Growth rates were similar between captopril-treated and control SHR, but less than those of WKY. Captopril reduced blood pressure (134 ± 8 v 177 ± 8 mm Hg, P < .05) and left ventricular mass (-18%, P < .05) in SHR. Cardiac enzyme activities also changed with captopril treatment, reflecting an increased capacity for β- oxidation of fatty acids and reduced potential for glucose phosphorylation in the left ventricle of SHR. Serum concentrations of glucose, insulin, and free fatty acids after a brief fast and in response to oral glucose were not different after captopril treatment, suggesting no improvement in insulin action or glucose tolerance. In summary, treatment of young male SHR with captopril reduces blood pressure and cardiac mass, and promotes a small but significant increase in cardiac capacity for oxidation of fatty acids and reduction of glucose phosphorylation. In contrast, metabolic effects of captopril on oral glucose tolerance and insulin action were not evident.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-589
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1999

Keywords

  • Captopril
  • Cardiac metabolism
  • Glucose tolerance
  • Insulin action
  • Spontaneously hypertensive rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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