Metabolic and hematologic effects and immune complex formation related to pertussis immunization

C. M. Mink, M. Uhari, Dean A Blumberg, M. Knip, K. Lewis, P. D. Christenson, M. Toyoda, S. C. Jordan, S. R. Levin, J. D. Cherry

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Selected metabolic, hematologic, and immunologic functions were evaluated in 3- to 6-mo-old Finnish infants who received whole-cell pertussis-component diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine, adsorbed (DTP) vaccine, and in 4- to 6-y-old Los Angeles children who received either a licensed DTP vaccine or an acellular pertussis component DTP vaccine. One d after immunization, there was an increase in total leukocytes and neutrophils and a decrease in lymphocytes in all vaccinees. In 4- to 6-y-old children the leukocytosis and neutrophilia were greater in recipients who received the standard DTP vaccine than in vaccinees who received an acellular pertussis component DTP vaccine. In infants there was an increase in the mean plasma insulin concentration but no change in the glucose concentration 24 h after immunization; no increase in the mean plasma insulin was noted in the 4- to 6-y-old children. Three 4- to 6-y-old vaccinees had higher circulating immune complex concentrations after immunization and two of these children had high clinical reaction scores. The etiology of adverse reactions after DTP immunization is multifactorial. In contrast with findings in animals, our findings do not demonstrate a clinically significant effect due to lymphocytosis-promoting factor on glucose metabolism in vaccinated children. Neutrophilia in vaccinees is probably due to endotoxin, and some reactions may be due to circulating immune complexes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-357
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Research
Volume27
Issue number4 I
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Mink, C. M., Uhari, M., Blumberg, D. A., Knip, M., Lewis, K., Christenson, P. D., Toyoda, M., Jordan, S. C., Levin, S. R., & Cherry, J. D. (1990). Metabolic and hematologic effects and immune complex formation related to pertussis immunization. Pediatric Research, 27(4 I), 353-357.