Mental health problems and service use among female juvenile offenders

Their relationship to criminal history

S. H. Kataoka, B. T. Zima, D. A. Dupre, K. A. Moreno, X. Yang, J. T. McCracken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To describe (1) the level of mental health problems and lifetime use of specialty mental health services and special education programs among incarcerated female juvenile offenders and (2) how these indices relate to their criminal history. Method: Between 1997 and 1998, fifty-four female youths incarcerated in California were interviewed on-site using standardized self-report measures of depression and anxiety symptoms and substance use problems. Results: Eighty percent of the youths had symptoms of an emotional disorder or substance use problem, and almost two thirds (63%) had a history of recidivism. Of those with emotional symptoms or a substance use problem, 51% had used specialty mental health services and 58% had been in a special education program during their lifetime. In addition, among recidivistic youths, 82% had a history of a substance use problem and 47% had used specialty mental health services during their lifetime. Conclusions: A substantial proportion of female juvenile offenders merit a mental health evaluation. Interventions for these high-risk youths should include an assessment for substance use disorders because of the association of recidivism and substance use problems in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-555
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume40
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Mental Health Services
Special Education
Substance-Related Disorders
Mental Health
Health Education
Self Report
Health Status
Anxiety
Depression
Population

Keywords

  • Female
  • Juvenile delinquent
  • Mental health
  • Recidivism
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Mental health problems and service use among female juvenile offenders : Their relationship to criminal history. / Kataoka, S. H.; Zima, B. T.; Dupre, D. A.; Moreno, K. A.; Yang, X.; McCracken, J. T.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 40, No. 5, 2001, p. 549-555.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kataoka, S. H. ; Zima, B. T. ; Dupre, D. A. ; Moreno, K. A. ; Yang, X. ; McCracken, J. T. / Mental health problems and service use among female juvenile offenders : Their relationship to criminal history. In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2001 ; Vol. 40, No. 5. pp. 549-555.
@article{c05a5d3e420b49da8cae5b0dd4d1dbc5,
title = "Mental health problems and service use among female juvenile offenders: Their relationship to criminal history",
abstract = "Objective: To describe (1) the level of mental health problems and lifetime use of specialty mental health services and special education programs among incarcerated female juvenile offenders and (2) how these indices relate to their criminal history. Method: Between 1997 and 1998, fifty-four female youths incarcerated in California were interviewed on-site using standardized self-report measures of depression and anxiety symptoms and substance use problems. Results: Eighty percent of the youths had symptoms of an emotional disorder or substance use problem, and almost two thirds (63{\%}) had a history of recidivism. Of those with emotional symptoms or a substance use problem, 51{\%} had used specialty mental health services and 58{\%} had been in a special education program during their lifetime. In addition, among recidivistic youths, 82{\%} had a history of a substance use problem and 47{\%} had used specialty mental health services during their lifetime. Conclusions: A substantial proportion of female juvenile offenders merit a mental health evaluation. Interventions for these high-risk youths should include an assessment for substance use disorders because of the association of recidivism and substance use problems in this population.",
keywords = "Female, Juvenile delinquent, Mental health, Recidivism, Substance use",
author = "Kataoka, {S. H.} and Zima, {B. T.} and Dupre, {D. A.} and Moreno, {K. A.} and X. Yang and McCracken, {J. T.}",
year = "2001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "40",
pages = "549--555",
journal = "Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry",
issn = "0890-8567",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mental health problems and service use among female juvenile offenders

T2 - Their relationship to criminal history

AU - Kataoka, S. H.

AU - Zima, B. T.

AU - Dupre, D. A.

AU - Moreno, K. A.

AU - Yang, X.

AU - McCracken, J. T.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Objective: To describe (1) the level of mental health problems and lifetime use of specialty mental health services and special education programs among incarcerated female juvenile offenders and (2) how these indices relate to their criminal history. Method: Between 1997 and 1998, fifty-four female youths incarcerated in California were interviewed on-site using standardized self-report measures of depression and anxiety symptoms and substance use problems. Results: Eighty percent of the youths had symptoms of an emotional disorder or substance use problem, and almost two thirds (63%) had a history of recidivism. Of those with emotional symptoms or a substance use problem, 51% had used specialty mental health services and 58% had been in a special education program during their lifetime. In addition, among recidivistic youths, 82% had a history of a substance use problem and 47% had used specialty mental health services during their lifetime. Conclusions: A substantial proportion of female juvenile offenders merit a mental health evaluation. Interventions for these high-risk youths should include an assessment for substance use disorders because of the association of recidivism and substance use problems in this population.

AB - Objective: To describe (1) the level of mental health problems and lifetime use of specialty mental health services and special education programs among incarcerated female juvenile offenders and (2) how these indices relate to their criminal history. Method: Between 1997 and 1998, fifty-four female youths incarcerated in California were interviewed on-site using standardized self-report measures of depression and anxiety symptoms and substance use problems. Results: Eighty percent of the youths had symptoms of an emotional disorder or substance use problem, and almost two thirds (63%) had a history of recidivism. Of those with emotional symptoms or a substance use problem, 51% had used specialty mental health services and 58% had been in a special education program during their lifetime. In addition, among recidivistic youths, 82% had a history of a substance use problem and 47% had used specialty mental health services during their lifetime. Conclusions: A substantial proportion of female juvenile offenders merit a mental health evaluation. Interventions for these high-risk youths should include an assessment for substance use disorders because of the association of recidivism and substance use problems in this population.

KW - Female

KW - Juvenile delinquent

KW - Mental health

KW - Recidivism

KW - Substance use

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035028681&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035028681&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 549

EP - 555

JO - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

SN - 0890-8567

IS - 5

ER -