Hemorrhage is a leading cause of traumatic death in military and civilian settings. Mechanical control of hemorrhage combined with blood volume replacement is the mainstay of treatment until definitive physical hemostasis can be achieved. The military experience treating traumatic wounds over the last 15 years of combat has accelerated developments in techniques and devices for mechanical hemorrhage control. This chapter will discuss traditional and emerging mechanical devices to treat traumatic hemorrhage, including tourniquets for extremity injuries, military anti-shock trousers, pelvic binders, intra-abdominal foam, and catheter-based hemorrhage control. A special focus of this chapter will describe the recent advancements and future directions of Resuscitative Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA), which is gaining popularity as a therapeutic adjunct to treat non-compressible torso hemorrhage.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Hemorrhagic Shock|
|Subtitle of host publication||Recognition, Pathophysiology and Management|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publisher Inc.|
|Number of pages||22|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2017|
ASJC Scopus subject areas