Meat consumption and its associations with other diet and health factors in young adults

The CARDIA study

Martha L. Slattery, David R. Jacobs, Joan E. Hilner, Bette J. Caan, Linda Van Horn, Charlotte Bragg, Ten A. Manolio, Lawrence H. Kushi, Kiang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using cross-sectional data from the longitudinal Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, we assessed associations between meat consumption and other dietary- and health-status indicators. Less than one percent of this sample (n = 32) ate no red meat or poultry, and another 1% (n = 47) ate red meat or poultry less than once per week. Individuals who ate red meat and poultry less than once per week were less likely to drink alcohol (P = 0.003); reported more physical activity (P ≤, 0.001); had higher Keys scores (P ≤ 0.001); consumed diets higher in carbohydrates, starch, fiber, vitamins A and C, and calcium and lower in energy, fat, and protein (P ≤ 0.001); had smaller body sizes as indicated by the body mass index [calculated as wt(kg)/ht(m2)] (P = 0.01); and had lower concentrations of total serum cholesterol (P = 0.001), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.001), and triglycerides (P = 0.015) compared with individuals who consumed meat more frequently.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)930-935
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume54
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

red meat
meat consumption
coronary vessels
Poultry
young adults
Meat
Young Adult
Coronary Vessels
poultry
Diet
Health
diet
Health Status Indicators
high carbohydrate diet
Body Size
Vitamin A
health status
low density lipoprotein cholesterol
physical activity
Starch

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Body size
  • Cholesterol
  • Dietary intake
  • Lipids
  • Meat
  • Physical activity
  • Vegetarians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Slattery, M. L., Jacobs, D. R., Hilner, J. E., Caan, B. J., Van Horn, L., Bragg, C., ... Liu, K. (1991). Meat consumption and its associations with other diet and health factors in young adults: The CARDIA study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 54(5), 930-935.

Meat consumption and its associations with other diet and health factors in young adults : The CARDIA study. / Slattery, Martha L.; Jacobs, David R.; Hilner, Joan E.; Caan, Bette J.; Van Horn, Linda; Bragg, Charlotte; Manolio, Ten A.; Kushi, Lawrence H.; Liu, Kiang.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 54, No. 5, 11.1991, p. 930-935.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Slattery, ML, Jacobs, DR, Hilner, JE, Caan, BJ, Van Horn, L, Bragg, C, Manolio, TA, Kushi, LH & Liu, K 1991, 'Meat consumption and its associations with other diet and health factors in young adults: The CARDIA study', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 930-935.
Slattery ML, Jacobs DR, Hilner JE, Caan BJ, Van Horn L, Bragg C et al. Meat consumption and its associations with other diet and health factors in young adults: The CARDIA study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1991 Nov;54(5):930-935.
Slattery, Martha L. ; Jacobs, David R. ; Hilner, Joan E. ; Caan, Bette J. ; Van Horn, Linda ; Bragg, Charlotte ; Manolio, Ten A. ; Kushi, Lawrence H. ; Liu, Kiang. / Meat consumption and its associations with other diet and health factors in young adults : The CARDIA study. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1991 ; Vol. 54, No. 5. pp. 930-935.
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