Measuring episodic memory across the lifespan: NIH toolbox picture sequence memory test

Sureyya S. Dikmen, Patricia J. Bauer, Sandra Weintraub, Dan M Mungas, Jerry Slotkin, Jennifer L. Beaumont, Richard Gershon, Nancy R. Temkin, Robert K. Heaton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Episodic memory is one of the most important cognitive domains that involves acquiring, storing and recalling new information. In this article, we describe a new measure developed for the NIH Toolbox, called the Picture Sequence Memory Test (PSMT) that is the first to examine episodic memory across the age range from 3 to 85. We describe the development of the measure and present validation data for ages 20 to 85. The PSMT involves presentation of sequences of pictured objects and activities in a fixed order on a computer screen and simultaneously verbally described, that the participant must remember and then reproduce over three learning trials. The results indicate good test-retest reliability and construct validity. Performance is strongly related to well-established gold standard measures of episodic memory and, as expected, much less well correlated with those of a measure of vocabulary. It shows clear decline with aging in parallel with a gold standard summary measure and relates to several other demographic factors and to self-reported general health status. The PSMT appears to be a reliable and valid test of episodic memory for adults, a finding similar to those found for the same measure with children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-619
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Episodic Memory
life-span
Reproducibility of Results
gold standard
Vocabulary
Health Status
Demography
Learning
demographic factors
construct validity
Life Span
health status
vocabulary
present
Gold Standard
learning
performance

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Key words Episodic memory
  • Learning
  • NIH toolbox
  • Test development
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Measuring episodic memory across the lifespan : NIH toolbox picture sequence memory test. / Dikmen, Sureyya S.; Bauer, Patricia J.; Weintraub, Sandra; Mungas, Dan M; Slotkin, Jerry; Beaumont, Jennifer L.; Gershon, Richard; Temkin, Nancy R.; Heaton, Robert K.

In: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, Vol. 20, No. 6, 2014, p. 611-619.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dikmen, SS, Bauer, PJ, Weintraub, S, Mungas, DM, Slotkin, J, Beaumont, JL, Gershon, R, Temkin, NR & Heaton, RK 2014, 'Measuring episodic memory across the lifespan: NIH toolbox picture sequence memory test', Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 611-619. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617714000460
Dikmen, Sureyya S. ; Bauer, Patricia J. ; Weintraub, Sandra ; Mungas, Dan M ; Slotkin, Jerry ; Beaumont, Jennifer L. ; Gershon, Richard ; Temkin, Nancy R. ; Heaton, Robert K. / Measuring episodic memory across the lifespan : NIH toolbox picture sequence memory test. In: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. 2014 ; Vol. 20, No. 6. pp. 611-619.
@article{d75c416cadf2453e8e304caf9386e436,
title = "Measuring episodic memory across the lifespan: NIH toolbox picture sequence memory test",
abstract = "Episodic memory is one of the most important cognitive domains that involves acquiring, storing and recalling new information. In this article, we describe a new measure developed for the NIH Toolbox, called the Picture Sequence Memory Test (PSMT) that is the first to examine episodic memory across the age range from 3 to 85. We describe the development of the measure and present validation data for ages 20 to 85. The PSMT involves presentation of sequences of pictured objects and activities in a fixed order on a computer screen and simultaneously verbally described, that the participant must remember and then reproduce over three learning trials. The results indicate good test-retest reliability and construct validity. Performance is strongly related to well-established gold standard measures of episodic memory and, as expected, much less well correlated with those of a measure of vocabulary. It shows clear decline with aging in parallel with a gold standard summary measure and relates to several other demographic factors and to self-reported general health status. The PSMT appears to be a reliable and valid test of episodic memory for adults, a finding similar to those found for the same measure with children.",
keywords = "Cognition, Key words Episodic memory, Learning, NIH toolbox, Test development, Validation",
author = "Dikmen, {Sureyya S.} and Bauer, {Patricia J.} and Sandra Weintraub and Mungas, {Dan M} and Jerry Slotkin and Beaumont, {Jennifer L.} and Richard Gershon and Temkin, {Nancy R.} and Heaton, {Robert K.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1017/S1355617714000460",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "611--619",
journal = "Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society",
issn = "1355-6177",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring episodic memory across the lifespan

T2 - NIH toolbox picture sequence memory test

AU - Dikmen, Sureyya S.

AU - Bauer, Patricia J.

AU - Weintraub, Sandra

AU - Mungas, Dan M

AU - Slotkin, Jerry

AU - Beaumont, Jennifer L.

AU - Gershon, Richard

AU - Temkin, Nancy R.

AU - Heaton, Robert K.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Episodic memory is one of the most important cognitive domains that involves acquiring, storing and recalling new information. In this article, we describe a new measure developed for the NIH Toolbox, called the Picture Sequence Memory Test (PSMT) that is the first to examine episodic memory across the age range from 3 to 85. We describe the development of the measure and present validation data for ages 20 to 85. The PSMT involves presentation of sequences of pictured objects and activities in a fixed order on a computer screen and simultaneously verbally described, that the participant must remember and then reproduce over three learning trials. The results indicate good test-retest reliability and construct validity. Performance is strongly related to well-established gold standard measures of episodic memory and, as expected, much less well correlated with those of a measure of vocabulary. It shows clear decline with aging in parallel with a gold standard summary measure and relates to several other demographic factors and to self-reported general health status. The PSMT appears to be a reliable and valid test of episodic memory for adults, a finding similar to those found for the same measure with children.

AB - Episodic memory is one of the most important cognitive domains that involves acquiring, storing and recalling new information. In this article, we describe a new measure developed for the NIH Toolbox, called the Picture Sequence Memory Test (PSMT) that is the first to examine episodic memory across the age range from 3 to 85. We describe the development of the measure and present validation data for ages 20 to 85. The PSMT involves presentation of sequences of pictured objects and activities in a fixed order on a computer screen and simultaneously verbally described, that the participant must remember and then reproduce over three learning trials. The results indicate good test-retest reliability and construct validity. Performance is strongly related to well-established gold standard measures of episodic memory and, as expected, much less well correlated with those of a measure of vocabulary. It shows clear decline with aging in parallel with a gold standard summary measure and relates to several other demographic factors and to self-reported general health status. The PSMT appears to be a reliable and valid test of episodic memory for adults, a finding similar to those found for the same measure with children.

KW - Cognition

KW - Key words Episodic memory

KW - Learning

KW - NIH toolbox

KW - Test development

KW - Validation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84904719351&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84904719351&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S1355617714000460

DO - 10.1017/S1355617714000460

M3 - Article

C2 - 24960230

AN - SCOPUS:84904719351

VL - 20

SP - 611

EP - 619

JO - Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society

JF - Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society

SN - 1355-6177

IS - 6

ER -