Positron emission tomography (PET) has been used to measure changes in regional blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in patients with primary cerebral lymphoma undergoing radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The method employed is to measure the rate of wash-out of a radioactive tracer (68Ga-EDTA) from blood into brain tissue using time-sequence PET imaging. Preliminary studies carried out on patients with more common primary cerebral tumours show that time-activity data are reproducible to ∼10%. Measurements made in 2 patients with primary cerebral lymphoma treated with initial chemotherapy showed significant changes in permeability in the region of the tumour. Within 5 weeks of the start of treatment, permeability values reached the levels of normal brain. No changes in BBB permeability in normal brain were seen immediately after radiotherapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research