Measurement adequacy of the CES-D among a sample of older African-Americans

Kristie Long Foley, Peter S. Reed, Elizabeth J. Mutran, Robert F. DeVellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This manuscript examines the measurement adequacy of the CES-D when applied in older African-Americans (n=227). The response distribution was skewed towards less symptomatology on all items, and the internal consistency of the CES-D was acceptable (α=0.86). An exploratory factor analysis revealed four underlying factors of depressive symptomatology: (1) depressive/somatic; (2) positive; (3) interpersonal; and (4) social well-being. The primary factor was a combination of depression and somatic symptoms, a commonly reported uni-dimensional factor among ethnic groups. Additionally, a fourth factor emerged that has not previously been identified, labeled 'social well-being'. This factor consisted of three items that may tap into the social interactions of the elderly: appetite, hopeful, and talk. These findings contribute to the growing body of evidence on the unique measurement properties of the CES-D across diverse populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-69
Number of pages9
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume109
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 31 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Appetite
Interpersonal Relations
Ethnic Groups
African Americans
Statistical Factor Analysis
Depression
Population
Medically Unexplained Symptoms

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Ethnicity
  • Factor analysis
  • Mental health
  • Reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Long Foley, K., Reed, P. S., Mutran, E. J., & DeVellis, R. F. (2002). Measurement adequacy of the CES-D among a sample of older African-Americans. Psychiatry Research, 109(1), 61-69.

Measurement adequacy of the CES-D among a sample of older African-Americans. / Long Foley, Kristie; Reed, Peter S.; Mutran, Elizabeth J.; DeVellis, Robert F.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 109, No. 1, 31.01.2002, p. 61-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Long Foley, K, Reed, PS, Mutran, EJ & DeVellis, RF 2002, 'Measurement adequacy of the CES-D among a sample of older African-Americans', Psychiatry Research, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 61-69.
Long Foley K, Reed PS, Mutran EJ, DeVellis RF. Measurement adequacy of the CES-D among a sample of older African-Americans. Psychiatry Research. 2002 Jan 31;109(1):61-69.
Long Foley, Kristie ; Reed, Peter S. ; Mutran, Elizabeth J. ; DeVellis, Robert F. / Measurement adequacy of the CES-D among a sample of older African-Americans. In: Psychiatry Research. 2002 ; Vol. 109, No. 1. pp. 61-69.
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