Measles epidemic from failure to immunize

L. G. Dales, Kenneth W Kizer, G. W. Rutherford, C. A. Pertowski, S. H. Waterman, G. Woodford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During 1988 through 1990, California experienced its worst measles epidemic in more than a decade, with 16,400 reported cases, 3,390 hospital admissions, and 75 deaths. More than half of the patients were younger than 5 years; the highest incidence was among infants younger than 12 months. The epidemic centered in low-income Hispanic communities in southern and central California. The major cause of the epidemic was low immunization levels among preschool-aged children and young adults. Rates of complications, admission to hospital, and death were surprisingly high. Outbreak control efforts met with indeterminate success. Problems with these efforts included insufficient funding early in the epidemic and disappointing public response to community- based immunization campaigns. The cost of medical care and outbreak control for the epidemic is conservatively estimated at $30.9 million. Unless the level of immunization in preschool-aged children is increased, this type of epidemic will probably recur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-464
Number of pages10
JournalWestern Journal of Medicine
Volume159
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1993

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Measles
Immunization
Preschool Children
Disease Outbreaks
Hispanic Americans
Health Care Costs
Young Adult
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Dales, L. G., Kizer, K. W., Rutherford, G. W., Pertowski, C. A., Waterman, S. H., & Woodford, G. (1993). Measles epidemic from failure to immunize. Western Journal of Medicine, 159(4), 455-464.

Measles epidemic from failure to immunize. / Dales, L. G.; Kizer, Kenneth W; Rutherford, G. W.; Pertowski, C. A.; Waterman, S. H.; Woodford, G.

In: Western Journal of Medicine, Vol. 159, No. 4, 1993, p. 455-464.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dales, LG, Kizer, KW, Rutherford, GW, Pertowski, CA, Waterman, SH & Woodford, G 1993, 'Measles epidemic from failure to immunize', Western Journal of Medicine, vol. 159, no. 4, pp. 455-464.
Dales LG, Kizer KW, Rutherford GW, Pertowski CA, Waterman SH, Woodford G. Measles epidemic from failure to immunize. Western Journal of Medicine. 1993;159(4):455-464.
Dales, L. G. ; Kizer, Kenneth W ; Rutherford, G. W. ; Pertowski, C. A. ; Waterman, S. H. ; Woodford, G. / Measles epidemic from failure to immunize. In: Western Journal of Medicine. 1993 ; Vol. 159, No. 4. pp. 455-464.
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