Mathematical modeling of skeletal muscle under non-isometric FES

R. Perumal, A. S. Wexler, J. Ding, S. A. Binder-Macleod

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This study outlines the development of a mathematical model for predicting muscle force and motion in response to functional electrical stimulation. The mathematical model was developed by decomposing the muscle's contractile response into two distinct physiological steps: activation dynamics and the force dynamics, with the force dynamics being derived from the Hill-type model. By considering the activation dynamics, force-length and force-velocity relationships, and the influence of external loads, the model will predict the forces and movements due to external electrical stimulation of the muscle during non-isometric conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBioengineering, Proceedings of the Northeast Conference
EditorsK Moxon, D E Sherif, S Kanakasabai
Number of pages2
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE 28th Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Apr 20 2002Apr 21 2002


OtherIEEE 28th Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA


  • Functional electrical stimulation
  • Hill-type model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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