MASSIVE ADVANCING NONEXUDATIVE TYPE 1 CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION IN CTRP5 LATE-ONSET RETINAL DEGENERATION: Longitudinal Findings on Multimodal Imaging and Implications for Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Tiarnan D.L. Keenan, Elliott K. Vanderford, Tharindu de Silva, Paul A. Sieving, Catherine A. Cukras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To describe longitudinal multimodal imaging findings of nonexudative choroidal neovascularization in CTRP5 late-onset retinal degeneration. METHODS: Four patients with CTRP5-positive late-onset retinal degeneration underwent repeated ophthalmoscopic examination and multimodal imaging. All four patients (two siblings and their cousins, from a pedigree described previously) had the heterozygous S163R mutation. RESULTS: All four patients demonstrated large subretinal lesions in the mid-peripheral retina of both eyes. The lesions were characterized by confluent hypercyanescence with hypocyanescent borders on indocyanine green angiography, faintly visible branching vascular networks with absent/minimal leakage on fluorescein angiography, Type 1 neovascularization on optical coherence tomography angiography, and absent retinal fluid, consistent with nonexudative choroidal neovascularization. The neovascular membranes enlarged substantially over time and the birth of new membranes was observed, but all lesions remained nonexudative/minimally exudative. Without treatment, all involved retinal areas remained free of atrophy and subretinal fibrosis. CONCLUSION: We report the existence of massive advancing nonexudative Type 1 choroidal neovascularization in CTRP5 late-onset retinal degeneration. These findings have implications for age-related macular degeneration. They provide a monogenic model system for studying the mechanisms underlying the distinct events of choroidal neovascularization development, enlargement, progression to exudation, and atrophy in age-related macular degeneration. They suggest that choroidal hypoperfusion precedes neovascularization and that nonexudative neovascularization may protect against atrophy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2236-2245
Number of pages10
JournalRetina (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Volume41
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'MASSIVE ADVANCING NONEXUDATIVE TYPE 1 CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION IN CTRP5 LATE-ONSET RETINAL DEGENERATION: Longitudinal Findings on Multimodal Imaging and Implications for Age-Related Macular Degeneration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this