An experimental approach is described for determining protein-small molecule non-covalent ligand binding sites and protein conformational changes induced by ligand binding. The methodology utilizes time resolved limited proteolysis and the high throughput analysis capability of MALDI TOF MS to determine the binding site in a tetanus toxin C-fragment (51 kDa)-doxorubicin (543 Da) non-covalent complex. Comparing relative ion abundances of peptides released from the time resolved limited proteolysis of tetanus toxin C-fragment (TetC) and the TetC-doxorubicin complex every 10 min from 10 to 120 min of digestion revealed that the binding of doxorubicin induced a significant change in surface topology of TetC. Four of the twenty-nine peptides observed by MALDI MS, including amino acids 351-360, 299-304, 305-311 and 312-316, had a lower abundance in the TetC-doxorubicin complex relative to TetC from 10 to 100 min of digestion. A decrease in ion abundance suggests doxorubicin obstructs the access of the protease to one or both termini of these peptides, identifying doxorubicin binding site(s). Conversely, five peptide ions, including amino acids 335-350, 364-375, 364-376, 281-298, and 316-328, all had a greater abundance in the digest of the complex, indicating an increase in accessibility to these sites. These five peptides flank regions of decreased ion abundance, suggesting that doxorubicin not only binds to the surface, but also induces a conformational change in TetC.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry|
|State||Published - May 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology