The calcium-sensing receptor (CASR), a member of the G-protein coupled receptor family, is expressed in both parathyroid and kidney, and aids these organs in sensing extracellular calcium levels. Inactivating mutations in the CASR gene have been described in familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) and neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism (NSHPT). Activating mutations in the CASR gene have been described in autosomal dominant hypoparathyroidism and familial hypocalcemia. The human CASR gene was mapped to Chromosome (Chr) 3q13.3-21 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). By somatic cell hybrid analysis, the gene was localized to human Chr 3 (hybridization to other chromosomes was not observed) and rat Chr 11. By interspecific backcross analysis, the Casr gene segregated with D16Mit4 on mouse Chr 16. These findings extend our knowledge of the synteny conservation of human Chr 3, rat Chr 11, and mouse Chr 16.
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