Prostatitis is a common clinical entity with a prevalence rate of 5-9% and accounts for over 2 million hospital visits annually in the USA. It is traditionally classified into acute bacterial, chronic bacterial, abacterial prostatitis and prostatodynia. The recent consensus conference of the US National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases in 2000 resulted in renewed interest in the prevalence, etiology, pathogenesis and treatment of the prostatitis syndromes. In this review, we present the contemporary knowledge and experience regarding the etiology, classification, evaluation and treatment of this condition including the role of transurethral microwave hyperthermia and transurethral needle ablation.
- Expressed prostatic secretions
- Microwave thermotherapy
- Midstream urine
- Pelvic pain syndrome
- Prostatic massage
- Transurethral needle ablation
ASJC Scopus subject areas