Management of mechanical ventilation in decompensated heart failure

Brooks T. Kuhn, Laura A. Bradley, Timothy M. Dempsey, Alana C. Puro, Jason Y. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving intervention for respiratory failure, including decompensated congestive heart failure. MV can reduce ventricular preload and afterload, decrease extra-vascular lung water, and decrease the work of breathing in heart failure. The advantages of positive pressure ventilation must be balanced with potential harm from MV: volutrauma, hyperoxia-induced injury, and difficulty assessing readiness for liberation. In this review, we will focus on cardiac, pulmonary, and broader effects of MV on patients with decompensated HF, focusing on practical considerations for management and supporting evidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number33
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Weaning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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