Management of Mandible Fractures

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Mandible fractures are common injuries and vast amounts of scientific literature are dedicated to defining and refining the principles and techniques that guide their repair. The purpose of this article is to review, evaluate, and summarize the most notable and recent contributions to this body of literature. Several recent articles demonstrate that mandible fractures occur primarily in young men and are most commonly sustained through low-velocity blunt force trauma. Open management of condylar and subcondylar fractures is being widely advocated as yielding better long-term functional results with acceptable surgical morbidity. As open reduction and internal fixation of most subsite fractures gains traction, the use of post-operative maxilla–mandibular fixation is being used less commonly in favor of early mobilization. Finally, absorbable plates may yield equivalent functional outcomes without interfering with the growth of the mandible in pediatric patients. These articles summarize the current opinion regarding the management of mandibular fractures. Articles describing the epidemiology of these fractures and recent technical advances are summarized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-214
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Otorhinolaryngology Reports
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Absorbable plate
  • Condylar fracture
  • Mandible fracture
  • Mandibular fracture
  • Maxilla–mandibular fixation
  • Subcondylar fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Clinical Neurology

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