Eleven (3%) of 340 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) presented with obstructive jaundice. The tumor extensively infiltrated the major bile ducts in eight patients. Jaundice was relieved by endoscopic endoprosthesis in four patients, nasobiliary drainage in two patients, percutaneous transhepatic stenting in one patient, and surgical intubation in one patient. The survival interval of these eight patients (mean±SD) was 35±20 days. Three patients had tumor fragments in the common bile ducts. In two patients, major hepatic resection was done after initial tube decomposition of the biliary system. One patient remained tumor-free on follow-up at 24 months, and the other patient had recurrent tumor detected on follow-up at 17 moths after surgery. The tumor was irresectable in the third patient. Multiple surgical and endoscopic procedures kept the bile duct patent for 17 months before the patient died of the disease. Not all patients who present with obstructive jaundice due to HCC are terminally ill. With proper management, good palliation and occasional cure are possible.
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