Management of an ingested lead foreign body in an Amazon parrot

Shannon M. Riggs, Birgit Puschner, Lisa A. Tell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An adult male, double-yellow-head Amazon parrot (Amazona ochrocephala oratrix) was presented with a 36-h history of seizure episodes. On presentation, the bird was slightly obtunded, seizured once for approximately 20 sec and the seizure was controlled with midazolam. Whole body radiographs revealed a 2-mm diameter, circular, dense object in the ventriculus. A presumptive diagnosis was made of lead toxicosis, and supportive care of sc fluids and gavage feedings. Calcium disodium EDTA and chelation therapy was initiated immediately. Blood analysis revealed 1.2 ppm lead wet weight. Bulk diet therapy with frequent high fiber gavage feedings was unsuccessful at removing the foreign body and the lead object was ultimately retrieved from the ventriculus using endoscopy. Sources of lead available to the pet birds include lead weights, solder, stained glass molding, jewelry and bird toys. However, this Amazon parrot was fed portions of game birds that contained lead shots within their muscles, which is a common source of secondary lead poisoning in raptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-348
Number of pages4
JournalVeterinary and Human Toxicology
Volume44
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2002

Fingerprint

Amazona
foreign bodies
parrots
Birds
Foreign Bodies
seizures
Avian Gizzard
birds
game birds
lead poisoning
toys
diet therapy
Stained glass
Seizures
Jewelry
hematologic tests
chelation
Industrial poisons
endoscopy
Raptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Management of an ingested lead foreign body in an Amazon parrot. / Riggs, Shannon M.; Puschner, Birgit; Tell, Lisa A.

In: Veterinary and Human Toxicology, Vol. 44, No. 6, 12.2002, p. 345-348.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4563adf9f094444d9165db5ee268ef75,
title = "Management of an ingested lead foreign body in an Amazon parrot",
abstract = "An adult male, double-yellow-head Amazon parrot (Amazona ochrocephala oratrix) was presented with a 36-h history of seizure episodes. On presentation, the bird was slightly obtunded, seizured once for approximately 20 sec and the seizure was controlled with midazolam. Whole body radiographs revealed a 2-mm diameter, circular, dense object in the ventriculus. A presumptive diagnosis was made of lead toxicosis, and supportive care of sc fluids and gavage feedings. Calcium disodium EDTA and chelation therapy was initiated immediately. Blood analysis revealed 1.2 ppm lead wet weight. Bulk diet therapy with frequent high fiber gavage feedings was unsuccessful at removing the foreign body and the lead object was ultimately retrieved from the ventriculus using endoscopy. Sources of lead available to the pet birds include lead weights, solder, stained glass molding, jewelry and bird toys. However, this Amazon parrot was fed portions of game birds that contained lead shots within their muscles, which is a common source of secondary lead poisoning in raptors.",
author = "Riggs, {Shannon M.} and Birgit Puschner and Tell, {Lisa A.}",
year = "2002",
month = "12",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
pages = "345--348",
journal = "Veterinary and Human Toxicology",
issn = "0145-6296",
publisher = "Comparative Toxicology Laboratories",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Management of an ingested lead foreign body in an Amazon parrot

AU - Riggs, Shannon M.

AU - Puschner, Birgit

AU - Tell, Lisa A.

PY - 2002/12

Y1 - 2002/12

N2 - An adult male, double-yellow-head Amazon parrot (Amazona ochrocephala oratrix) was presented with a 36-h history of seizure episodes. On presentation, the bird was slightly obtunded, seizured once for approximately 20 sec and the seizure was controlled with midazolam. Whole body radiographs revealed a 2-mm diameter, circular, dense object in the ventriculus. A presumptive diagnosis was made of lead toxicosis, and supportive care of sc fluids and gavage feedings. Calcium disodium EDTA and chelation therapy was initiated immediately. Blood analysis revealed 1.2 ppm lead wet weight. Bulk diet therapy with frequent high fiber gavage feedings was unsuccessful at removing the foreign body and the lead object was ultimately retrieved from the ventriculus using endoscopy. Sources of lead available to the pet birds include lead weights, solder, stained glass molding, jewelry and bird toys. However, this Amazon parrot was fed portions of game birds that contained lead shots within their muscles, which is a common source of secondary lead poisoning in raptors.

AB - An adult male, double-yellow-head Amazon parrot (Amazona ochrocephala oratrix) was presented with a 36-h history of seizure episodes. On presentation, the bird was slightly obtunded, seizured once for approximately 20 sec and the seizure was controlled with midazolam. Whole body radiographs revealed a 2-mm diameter, circular, dense object in the ventriculus. A presumptive diagnosis was made of lead toxicosis, and supportive care of sc fluids and gavage feedings. Calcium disodium EDTA and chelation therapy was initiated immediately. Blood analysis revealed 1.2 ppm lead wet weight. Bulk diet therapy with frequent high fiber gavage feedings was unsuccessful at removing the foreign body and the lead object was ultimately retrieved from the ventriculus using endoscopy. Sources of lead available to the pet birds include lead weights, solder, stained glass molding, jewelry and bird toys. However, this Amazon parrot was fed portions of game birds that contained lead shots within their muscles, which is a common source of secondary lead poisoning in raptors.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036890246&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036890246&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 12458638

AN - SCOPUS:0036890246

VL - 44

SP - 345

EP - 348

JO - Veterinary and Human Toxicology

JF - Veterinary and Human Toxicology

SN - 0145-6296

IS - 6

ER -