Management and outcome of spontaneous cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in a 5-year consecutive single-institution cohort

Darrin J. Lee, Arjang Ahmadpour, Tamar Binyamin, Brian C Dahlin, Kiarash Shahlaie, Ben Waldau

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon form of stroke with a variable presentation, ranging from headaches, to coma and death. Although the American Stroke Association has developed guidelines for the treatment of CVST, data are sparse on the outcome after treatment with anticoagulation, thrombolysis, and thrombectomy.

METHODS: In this retrospective review, we describe the 5-year UC Davis experience with spontaneous CVST.

RESULTS: Forty-one patients (mean age 37.5±23.1, range 0-96 years; 29 female) were identified with CVST. The majority of cases involved the transverse sinus (75.6%), sigmoid sinus (58.5%), and superior sagittal sinus (29.3%). The most common form of treatment was anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy (n=35), while six patients were managed by observation alone. The overall 1-year modified Rankin score (mRS) was 1.4±1.5. Male patients and patients with a poor admission mRS had a worse outcome. Outcome was unaffected by hypercoagulable state, number of dural sinuses involved, the presence of intracranial hemorrhage, or seizures. Two patients who underwent anticoagulation therapy also required endovascular thrombectomy; both patients had a 1-year mRS of ≤2. Two patients underwent direct open surgical canalization of the superior sagittal sinus with varying outcomes (mRS 2 vs mRS 6).

CONCLUSIONS: In our series, the majority (92.9%) of patients with spontaneous dural sinus thrombosis had a favorable clinical outcome as defined by a mRS ≤2. Further prospective studies are needed to study the impact of anticoagulation on the clinical course of the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-38
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of NeuroInterventional Surgery
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Intracranial Sinus Thrombosis
Venous Thrombosis
Superior Sagittal Sinus
Thrombectomy
Transverse Sinuses
Intracranial Hemorrhages
Sigmoid Colon
Therapeutics
Coma
Headache
Seizures
Stroke
Observation
Prospective Studies
Guidelines

Keywords

  • Thrombectomy
  • Thrombolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Management and outcome of spontaneous cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in a 5-year consecutive single-institution cohort. / Lee, Darrin J.; Ahmadpour, Arjang; Binyamin, Tamar; Dahlin, Brian C; Shahlaie, Kiarash; Waldau, Ben.

In: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery, Vol. 9, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 34-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon form of stroke with a variable presentation, ranging from headaches, to coma and death. Although the American Stroke Association has developed guidelines for the treatment of CVST, data are sparse on the outcome after treatment with anticoagulation, thrombolysis, and thrombectomy.METHODS: In this retrospective review, we describe the 5-year UC Davis experience with spontaneous CVST.RESULTS: Forty-one patients (mean age 37.5±23.1, range 0-96 years; 29 female) were identified with CVST. The majority of cases involved the transverse sinus (75.6{\%}), sigmoid sinus (58.5{\%}), and superior sagittal sinus (29.3{\%}). The most common form of treatment was anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy (n=35), while six patients were managed by observation alone. The overall 1-year modified Rankin score (mRS) was 1.4±1.5. Male patients and patients with a poor admission mRS had a worse outcome. Outcome was unaffected by hypercoagulable state, number of dural sinuses involved, the presence of intracranial hemorrhage, or seizures. Two patients who underwent anticoagulation therapy also required endovascular thrombectomy; both patients had a 1-year mRS of ≤2. Two patients underwent direct open surgical canalization of the superior sagittal sinus with varying outcomes (mRS 2 vs mRS 6).CONCLUSIONS: In our series, the majority (92.9{\%}) of patients with spontaneous dural sinus thrombosis had a favorable clinical outcome as defined by a mRS ≤2. Further prospective studies are needed to study the impact of anticoagulation on the clinical course of the disease.",
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N2 - BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon form of stroke with a variable presentation, ranging from headaches, to coma and death. Although the American Stroke Association has developed guidelines for the treatment of CVST, data are sparse on the outcome after treatment with anticoagulation, thrombolysis, and thrombectomy.METHODS: In this retrospective review, we describe the 5-year UC Davis experience with spontaneous CVST.RESULTS: Forty-one patients (mean age 37.5±23.1, range 0-96 years; 29 female) were identified with CVST. The majority of cases involved the transverse sinus (75.6%), sigmoid sinus (58.5%), and superior sagittal sinus (29.3%). The most common form of treatment was anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy (n=35), while six patients were managed by observation alone. The overall 1-year modified Rankin score (mRS) was 1.4±1.5. Male patients and patients with a poor admission mRS had a worse outcome. Outcome was unaffected by hypercoagulable state, number of dural sinuses involved, the presence of intracranial hemorrhage, or seizures. Two patients who underwent anticoagulation therapy also required endovascular thrombectomy; both patients had a 1-year mRS of ≤2. Two patients underwent direct open surgical canalization of the superior sagittal sinus with varying outcomes (mRS 2 vs mRS 6).CONCLUSIONS: In our series, the majority (92.9%) of patients with spontaneous dural sinus thrombosis had a favorable clinical outcome as defined by a mRS ≤2. Further prospective studies are needed to study the impact of anticoagulation on the clinical course of the disease.

AB - BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon form of stroke with a variable presentation, ranging from headaches, to coma and death. Although the American Stroke Association has developed guidelines for the treatment of CVST, data are sparse on the outcome after treatment with anticoagulation, thrombolysis, and thrombectomy.METHODS: In this retrospective review, we describe the 5-year UC Davis experience with spontaneous CVST.RESULTS: Forty-one patients (mean age 37.5±23.1, range 0-96 years; 29 female) were identified with CVST. The majority of cases involved the transverse sinus (75.6%), sigmoid sinus (58.5%), and superior sagittal sinus (29.3%). The most common form of treatment was anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy (n=35), while six patients were managed by observation alone. The overall 1-year modified Rankin score (mRS) was 1.4±1.5. Male patients and patients with a poor admission mRS had a worse outcome. Outcome was unaffected by hypercoagulable state, number of dural sinuses involved, the presence of intracranial hemorrhage, or seizures. Two patients who underwent anticoagulation therapy also required endovascular thrombectomy; both patients had a 1-year mRS of ≤2. Two patients underwent direct open surgical canalization of the superior sagittal sinus with varying outcomes (mRS 2 vs mRS 6).CONCLUSIONS: In our series, the majority (92.9%) of patients with spontaneous dural sinus thrombosis had a favorable clinical outcome as defined by a mRS ≤2. Further prospective studies are needed to study the impact of anticoagulation on the clinical course of the disease.

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