Malnutrition and Nutritional Support in Alcoholic Liver Disease: a Review

Andrew Chao, Dan Waitzberg, Rosangela Passos de Jesus, Allain A. Bueno, Victor Kha, Karen Allen, Matthew Kappus, Valentina Medici

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Malnutrition is associated with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and related complications such as hepatic encephalopathy and increased rate of infections. Avoidance of prolonged fasting and overly restrictive diets is important to avoid poor nutrition. Adequate intake of calories, protein, and micronutrients via frequent small meals and evening supplements and/or enteral and parenteral nutrition when indicated has been associated with reduced mortality and morbidity in patients with ALD. Modification of protein/fat sources and composition in addition to probiotic supplementation are promising interventions for decreased progression of ALD and its complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number65
JournalCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Alcoholic liver disease
  • Diet
  • Enteral nutrition
  • Nutrition
  • Parenteral nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Chao, A., Waitzberg, D., de Jesus, R. P., Bueno, A. A., Kha, V., Allen, K., Kappus, M., & Medici, V. (2016). Malnutrition and Nutritional Support in Alcoholic Liver Disease: a Review. Current Gastroenterology Reports, 18(12), [65]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11894-016-0539-4