Maintenance and relapse after weight loss in women: Behavioral aspects

Susan Kayman, William Bruvold, Judith S. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

303 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obese women who regained weight after successful weight reduction (relapsers, n = 44); formerly obese, average-weight women who maintained weight loss (maintainers, n = 30); and women who had always remained at the same average, nonobese weight (control subjects, n = 34) were interviewed. Most maintainers (90%) and control subjects (82%) exercised regularly, were conscious of their behaviors, used available social support (70% and 80%, respectively), confronted problems directly (95% and 60%, respectively), and used personally developed strategies to help themselves. Few relapsers exercised (34%), most ate unconsciously in response to emotions (70%), few used available social support (38%), and few confronted problems directly (10%). These findings suggest the advisability of development and prospective evaluation of individualized treatment programs designed to enhance exercise, coping skills, and social support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)800-807
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume52
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

relapse
Social Support
Weight Loss
weight loss
Maintenance
Weights and Measures
Recurrence
coping strategies
Psychological Adaptation
weight control
emotions
Emotions
exercise
Exercise
social support
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Maintenance
  • Obesity
  • Relapse
  • Social support
  • Stress and coping
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Maintenance and relapse after weight loss in women : Behavioral aspects. / Kayman, Susan; Bruvold, William; Stern, Judith S.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 52, No. 5, 11.1990, p. 800-807.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kayman, S, Bruvold, W & Stern, JS 1990, 'Maintenance and relapse after weight loss in women: Behavioral aspects', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 800-807.
Kayman, Susan ; Bruvold, William ; Stern, Judith S. / Maintenance and relapse after weight loss in women : Behavioral aspects. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1990 ; Vol. 52, No. 5. pp. 800-807.
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