Machine learning in health care and laboratory medicine: General overview of supervised learning and Auto-ML

Hooman H. Rashidi, Nam Tran, Samer Albahra, Luke T. Dang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) have now spawned a new field within health care and health science research. These new predictive analytics tools are starting to change various facets of our clinical care domains including the practice of laboratory medicine. Many of these ML tools and studies are also starting to populate our literature landscape as we know it but unfamiliarity of the average reader to the basic knowledge and critical concepts within AI/ML is now demanding a need to better prepare our audience to such relatively unfamiliar concepts. A fundamental knowledge of such platforms will inevitably enhance cross-disciplinary literacy and ultimately lead to enhanced integration and understanding of such tools within our discipline. In this review, we provide a general outline of AI/ML along with an overview of the fundamental concepts of ML categories, specifically supervised, unsupervised, and reinforcement learning. Additionally, since the vast majority of our current approaches within ML in laboratory medicine and health care involve supervised algorithms, we will predominantly concentrate on such platforms. Finally, the need for making such tools more accessible to the average investigator is becoming a major driving force for the need of automation within these ML platforms. This has now given rise to the automated ML (Auto-ML) world which will undoubtedly help shape the future of ML within health care. Hence, an overview of Auto-ML is also covered within this manuscript which will hopefully enrich the reader's understanding, appreciation, and the need for embracing such tools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-22
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Volume43
Issue numberS1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Algorithm
  • artificial intelligence
  • auto-ML
  • feature selection
  • principal component analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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