BACKGROUND: Lp(a) (lipoprotein(a)) is the major lipoprotein carrier of oxidized phospholipids (OxPL) and this function medi-ates Lp(a) atherogenicity. However, the relationship between OxPL, Lp(a), and genetic and biological characteristics remains poorly understood. We assessed the relationship between Lp(a)-bound OxPL, apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)) size, age, and family structure in 2 racial groups. METHODS AND RESULTS: Healthy Black and White families were recruited from the general population (age: 6–74 years, n=267). OxPL and Lp(a) levels were assayed enzymatically; apo(a) isoform, LPA allele sizes, and allele-specific Lp(a) levels were de-termined. Lp(a)-OxPL levels did not differ significantly by racial and age groups. Lp(a)-OxPL levels were associated with total plasma Lp(a) in all participants and in race-specific analyses. Further, OxPL levels were significantly associated with allele-specific Lp(a) levels carried by the smaller apo(a) size in all participants (β=0.33, P=0.0003) as well as separately for Black (β=0.50, P=0.0032) and White (β=0.26, P=0.0181) participants. A significant association of OxPL with allele-specific Lp(a) levels for larger apo(a) sizes was seen only in Black participants (β=0.53, P=0.0076). In this group, Lp(a)-OxPL levels were also heritable (h2=0.29, P=0.0235), resulting in a significant interracial difference in heritability between Black and White people (P=0.0352). CONCLUSIONS: Lp(a)-OxPL levels were associated with allele-specific Lp(a) level carried on smaller apo(a) sizes and among Black participants also for larger apo(a) sizes. The heritability estimates for Lp(a)-bound OxPL differed by race.
- General population
- Oxidized lipids
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine