Low sensitivity of t-cell based detection of tuberculosis among hiv co-infected tanzanian in-patients

C. Seshadri, L. O. Uiso, J. Ostermann, H. Diefenthal, H. J. Shao, H. Y. Chu, David Asmuth, N. M. Thielman, J. A. Bartlett, J. A. Crump

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the performance of QuantiFERON-TB GOLD (QFTG) in a resource-poor setting among patients with and without HIV infection. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Two hospitals in Northern Tanzania. Subjects: Eighty three adult male and female inpatients. Intervention: All patients were screened for HIV infection and underwent tuberculin skin test (TST) and QFTG. Results: Eighty-three subjects were enrolled, and 29 (35%) of 83 were HIV-infected. QFTG yielded indeterminate results in 12 (22%; 95%CI12%-34%) of 54 HIV-uninf ected and 13 (45%; 95%CI 26%-64%) of 29 HIV-infected subjects (p=0.0323). Among those with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis, TST was positive in 40 (100%; 95%CI 91%-100%) of 40 HIV-uninfected subjects compared with seven (54%; 95%CI 25%- 81%) of 13 HIV-infected subjects (p<0.0001), and QFTG was positive in 28(70%; 95%CI 53%-83%) of 40 HIV-uninfected subjects compared with three (23%; 95%CI 5%-54%) of 13 HIV-infected subjects (p=0.0029). Among medical inpatients at risk for latent tuberculosis infection, TST was positive in seven (50%) of 14 HIV-uninfected patients and three (19%) of 16 HIV-infected patients (p=0.0701) and QFTG was positive among two (14%) of 14 HIV-uninfected patients and three (19%) of 16 HIV-infected patients (p=0.7437). Conclusions: The presenceof HIV co-infection was associatedwithasignincantreduction in sensitivity of both the TST (p<0.0001) and QFTG (p=0.0029) for the diagnosis of active M.tuberculosis infection. The high proportion of indeterminate QFTG and lack of sensitivity, particularly among HIV-infected patients, may limit its applicability in settings like Tanzania. Larger studies in resource-poor settings are required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-449
Number of pages8
JournalEast African Medical Journal
Volume85
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Seshadri, C., Uiso, L. O., Ostermann, J., Diefenthal, H., Shao, H. J., Chu, H. Y., Asmuth, D., Thielman, N. M., Bartlett, J. A., & Crump, J. A. (2008). Low sensitivity of t-cell based detection of tuberculosis among hiv co-infected tanzanian in-patients. East African Medical Journal, 85(9), 442-449.