Low prevalence of West Nile virus antibodies in select Northern California owl species (2007-2014)

Nicole Captanian, Michelle Hawkins, Christine Fiorello, Mary Thurber, William Reisen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine evidence of previous West Nile virus (WNV) infection in northern California owls. Owl serum samples were collected from birds presenting to a veterinary medical teaching hospital between 2007 and 2014 and were screened for the presence of WNV antibodies by an indirect enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Only one of 71 samples (1.41%) tested was positive by EIA and confirmed by a plaque reduction neutralization test; it was the most recent sample collected. The reason for the low prevalence of WNV in these California owls despite a high prevalence in sympatric avian species in the same region is unknown and should be a topic for further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1239-1241
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

Strigiformes
West Nile virus
enzyme immunoassays
Immunoenzyme Techniques
antibodies
Antibodies
Sympatry
Neutralization Tests
neutralization tests
Virus Diseases
Teaching Hospitals
sampling
Birds
birds
Serum
Research
infection

Keywords

  • Athene cunicularia
  • Bubo virginianus
  • Megascops kennicottii
  • Owl
  • Tyto alba
  • West Nile virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Low prevalence of West Nile virus antibodies in select Northern California owl species (2007-2014). / Captanian, Nicole; Hawkins, Michelle; Fiorello, Christine; Thurber, Mary; Reisen, William.

In: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Vol. 48, No. 4, 01.12.2017, p. 1239-1241.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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