Low organisational justice and heavy drinking: A prospective cohort study

Anne Kouvonen, Mika Kivimäki, Marko Elovainio, Ari Väänänen, Roberto De Vogli, Tarja Heponiemi, Anne Linna, Jaana Pentti, Jussi Vahtera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Objectives: To investigate whether low perceived organisational injustice predicts heavy drinking among employees. Methods: Data from a prospective occupational cohort study, the 10-Town Study, on 15 290 Finnish public sector local government employees nested in 2432 work units, were used. Non-drinkers were excluded. Procedural, interactional and total organisational justice, heavy drinking (3=210 g of absolute alcohol per week) and other psychosocial factors were determined by means of questionnaire in 2000-2001 (phase 1) and 2004 (phase 2). Multilevel logistic regression analyses taking into account the hierarchical structure of the data were conducted and adjustments were made for sex, age, socio-economic status, marital status, baseline heavy drinking, psychological distress and other psychosocial risk factors such as job strain and effort/reward imbalance. Results: After adjustments, participants who reported low procedural justice at phase 1 were approximately 1.2 times more likely to be heavy drinkers at phase 2 compared with their counterparts reporting high justice. Low perceived justice in interpersonal treatment and low perceived total organisational justice were associated with increased prevalence of heavy drinking only in the model adjusted for sociodemographics. Conclusions: This is the first longitudinal study to show that low procedural justice is weakly associated with an increased likelihood of heavy drinking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
JournalOccupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Environmental Science(all)


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