Low energy helium diffraction studies of CH3Br overlayers physisorbed on C(0001), NaCl(001), and LiF(001) surfaces

Gary N. Robinson, Nicholas Camillone, Paul A. Rowntree, Gang-yu Liu, Jia Wang, Giacinto Scoles

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33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low energy helium diffraction has been used to determine the unit mesh parameters of overlayers of CH3Br physisorbed on C(0001), NaCl(001), and LiF(001) at ≈35 K. CH3Br forms a uniaxially commensurate overlayer on C(0001) with unit mesh parameters 4.26 Å × 6.75 Å. On NaCl(001), CH3Br forms a high coverage and a low coverage phase. The high coverage phase is incommensurate and has unit mesh parameters 4.54 Å × 6.73 Å, whereas the low coverage phase is commensurate with a (√2 × 3√2)R 45° unit mesh. The structure of CH3Br/LiF(001) is essentially the same as that of the high coverage phase of CH3Br/NaCl(001) with unit mesh parameters 4.52 Å × 6.71 Å. The unit mesh parameters (with the exception of low coverage CH3Br/NaCl) are very similar to the lattice parameters of the a-b [or (001)] plane of bulk crystalline CH3Br at ≈153 K. By analogy with the bulk crystal, it is likely that there are two molecules per unit mesh and that the CH3 Br dipoles are nearly perpendicular to the surface and antiferroelectrically ordered. Our results suggest that the unit mesh for the low coverage phase of CH3Br/NaCl contains four molecules and that the molecular axes are parallel to the substrate surface. The implications of these results for photodissociation studies of physisorbed CH3Br are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9212-9220
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume96
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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    Robinson, G. N., Camillone, N., Rowntree, P. A., Liu, G., Wang, J., & Scoles, G. (1992). Low energy helium diffraction studies of CH3Br overlayers physisorbed on C(0001), NaCl(001), and LiF(001) surfaces. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 96(12), 9212-9220.