Background: The development of susceptibility to secondary pathogenic infections in the oral cavity during HIV infection is likely to result from or coincide with deterioration of the local mucosal immune system. Methods: We have utilized the SIV model to investigate the kinetics andmagnitude of oral pathogenesis during systemic dissemination of intravenously inoculated SIVmac251. Results: Viral replication was detected in oropharyngeal lymph nodes at 6weeks post-infection and shown to be coincident with a broad scale loss of growth factor receptor transcription in the oral mucosa, providing multiple avenues for blocking the normal activity of apoptosis inhibitors that function through Bcl2- and p53-dependent pathways. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the normal balance between cell death and regeneration may be rapidly disrupted in the oral mucosa during the early stages of immunodeficiency virus infection, setting the stage for continuing deterioration of immune function and the development of susceptibility to secondary infections.
- Insulin-like growth factor receptor
- Oral mucosa
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology