Longitudinal stability of reading profiles in individuals with higher functioning autism

Emily J. Solari, Ryan P. Grimm, Nancy S. McIntyre, Matthew Zajic, Peter Clive Mundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The reading difficulties of individuals with autism spectrum disorders have been established in the literature, with particular attention drawn toward reading comprehension difficulties. Recent papers have highlighted the heterogeneous nature of reading abilities in this population by utilizing statistical methods that allow for investigations of unique reading profiles. This article extends this literature by investigating reading profiles longitudinally, to investigate the stability of reader profiles across time. Latent profile and transition analyses were conducted to establish categorically distinct reading profiles at two time points, 30 months apart. This study also examined whether age and autism symptom severity were related to the profiles at each time point. Finally, transitions between profiles at each time point were identified. Age did not predict profile membership, but there were significant differences in symptom severity that were largely stable over time. Results indicate that heterogeneous reading profiles exist within the autism population, ranging from average reading ability to severe difficulties across different reading subskills. The data from this study demonstrate that reading profiles of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders shift when examined across time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAutism
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Autistic Disorder
Reading
Aptitude
Population

Keywords

  • autism spectrum disorders
  • reading profiles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Longitudinal stability of reading profiles in individuals with higher functioning autism. / Solari, Emily J.; Grimm, Ryan P.; McIntyre, Nancy S.; Zajic, Matthew; Mundy, Peter Clive.

In: Autism, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Solari, Emily J. ; Grimm, Ryan P. ; McIntyre, Nancy S. ; Zajic, Matthew ; Mundy, Peter Clive. / Longitudinal stability of reading profiles in individuals with higher functioning autism. In: Autism. 2019.
@article{ba891898d90444429e051cab67ce7f89,
title = "Longitudinal stability of reading profiles in individuals with higher functioning autism",
abstract = "The reading difficulties of individuals with autism spectrum disorders have been established in the literature, with particular attention drawn toward reading comprehension difficulties. Recent papers have highlighted the heterogeneous nature of reading abilities in this population by utilizing statistical methods that allow for investigations of unique reading profiles. This article extends this literature by investigating reading profiles longitudinally, to investigate the stability of reader profiles across time. Latent profile and transition analyses were conducted to establish categorically distinct reading profiles at two time points, 30 months apart. This study also examined whether age and autism symptom severity were related to the profiles at each time point. Finally, transitions between profiles at each time point were identified. Age did not predict profile membership, but there were significant differences in symptom severity that were largely stable over time. Results indicate that heterogeneous reading profiles exist within the autism population, ranging from average reading ability to severe difficulties across different reading subskills. The data from this study demonstrate that reading profiles of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders shift when examined across time.",
keywords = "autism spectrum disorders, reading profiles",
author = "Solari, {Emily J.} and Grimm, {Ryan P.} and McIntyre, {Nancy S.} and Matthew Zajic and Mundy, {Peter Clive}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1362361318812423",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Autism",
issn = "1362-3613",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Longitudinal stability of reading profiles in individuals with higher functioning autism

AU - Solari, Emily J.

AU - Grimm, Ryan P.

AU - McIntyre, Nancy S.

AU - Zajic, Matthew

AU - Mundy, Peter Clive

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The reading difficulties of individuals with autism spectrum disorders have been established in the literature, with particular attention drawn toward reading comprehension difficulties. Recent papers have highlighted the heterogeneous nature of reading abilities in this population by utilizing statistical methods that allow for investigations of unique reading profiles. This article extends this literature by investigating reading profiles longitudinally, to investigate the stability of reader profiles across time. Latent profile and transition analyses were conducted to establish categorically distinct reading profiles at two time points, 30 months apart. This study also examined whether age and autism symptom severity were related to the profiles at each time point. Finally, transitions between profiles at each time point were identified. Age did not predict profile membership, but there were significant differences in symptom severity that were largely stable over time. Results indicate that heterogeneous reading profiles exist within the autism population, ranging from average reading ability to severe difficulties across different reading subskills. The data from this study demonstrate that reading profiles of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders shift when examined across time.

AB - The reading difficulties of individuals with autism spectrum disorders have been established in the literature, with particular attention drawn toward reading comprehension difficulties. Recent papers have highlighted the heterogeneous nature of reading abilities in this population by utilizing statistical methods that allow for investigations of unique reading profiles. This article extends this literature by investigating reading profiles longitudinally, to investigate the stability of reader profiles across time. Latent profile and transition analyses were conducted to establish categorically distinct reading profiles at two time points, 30 months apart. This study also examined whether age and autism symptom severity were related to the profiles at each time point. Finally, transitions between profiles at each time point were identified. Age did not predict profile membership, but there were significant differences in symptom severity that were largely stable over time. Results indicate that heterogeneous reading profiles exist within the autism population, ranging from average reading ability to severe difficulties across different reading subskills. The data from this study demonstrate that reading profiles of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders shift when examined across time.

KW - autism spectrum disorders

KW - reading profiles

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062971786&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85062971786&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1362361318812423

DO - 10.1177/1362361318812423

M3 - Article

JO - Autism

JF - Autism

SN - 1362-3613

ER -