Longitudinal effects of enrofloxacin or tulathromycin use in preweaned calves at high risk of bovine respiratory disease on the shedding of antimicrobial-resistant fecal Escherichia coli

R. V. Pereira, C. Altier, J. D. Siler, S. Mann, D. Jordan, L. D. Warnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study was to longitudinally quantify Escherichia coli resistant to ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone in calves treated with enrofloxacin or tulathromycin for the control of bovine respiratory disease (BRD). Dairy calves 2 to 3 wk of age not presenting clinical signs of pneumonia and at high risk of developing BRD were randomly enrolled in 1 of 3 groups receiving the following treatments: (1) single label dose of enrofloxacin (ENR); (2) single label dose of tulathromycin (TUL); or (3) no antimicrobial treatment (control, CTL). Fecal samples were collected immediately before administration of treatment and at d 2, 4, 7, 14, 21, 28, 56, and 112 d after beginning treatment. Samples were used for qualification of E. coli using a selective hydrophobic grid membrane filter (HGMF) master grid. The ENR group had a significantly higher proportion of E. coli resistant to ciprofloxacin compared with CTL and TUL at time points 2, 4, and 7. At time point 28, a significantly higher proportion of E. coli resistant to ciprofloxacin was observed only compared with CTL. The TUL group had a significantly higher proportion of E. coli resistant to ciprofloxacin compared with CTL at time points 2, 4, and 7. None of the treatment groups resulted in a significantly higher proportion of E. coli isolates resistant to ceftriaxone. Our study identified that treatment of calves at high risk of developing BRB with either enrofloxacin or tulathromycin resulted in a consistently higher proportion of ciprofloxacin-resistant E. coli in fecal samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • antimicrobial resistance
  • bovine respiratory disease
  • enrofloxacin
  • fluoroquinolones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Longitudinal effects of enrofloxacin or tulathromycin use in preweaned calves at high risk of bovine respiratory disease on the shedding of antimicrobial-resistant fecal Escherichia coli'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this