Long-term Survival Results following Endobronchial RF Ablation in a Healthy-Porcine Model

K. Y. Yoneda, F. Herth, T. Spangler, S. Raina, D. Panescu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents results from long-term survival study where healthy swine were ablated with a novel technology designed for treating early-stage non-small cell lung cancer using an endobronchial flexible catheter.Methods - The radiofrequency ablation (RFA) system has been presented previously and consisted of an ablation catheter, radiofrequency generator, irrigation pump for infusion of hypertonic saline (HS) and a laptop. The catheter carried an occlusion balloon, a 5 mm long RF electrode, with irrigation holes, and a 1 mm long electrode for bipolar impedance measurements. The outer diameter (OD) was 1.4 mm for compatibility with current bronchoscopes, navigation systems and radial EBUS. Nine swine were treated in this study with survival times of 1, 4 and 12 weeks (N=3 at each time point). In all animals, the treatment sites consisted of one location in the upper right lung (RUL) and another one in the lower right lung (RLL). CTs were taken pre-op, immediately post-op and at every 2 weeks post treatment. Ablation times ranged from 6 to 8 min and average applied power was 68 W (range 63 - 72 W).Results - At 1-week survival, large zones of necrotic tissue were observed in all respective 6 ablations. Ablation volumes had an average diameter of 3.2 cm at RUL locations and 3.8 cm in RLLs (likely due to longer RLL ablation durations). As time progressed, the necrotic tissue was gradually replaced with fibrotic tissue. At 4-week survival, the replacement was almost complete in all respective 3 animals. As a result, ablation volumes decreased to an average diameter of 1.3 cm at RUL locations and 2.3 cm in RLLs (likely due to longer RLL ablation durations). At 12-week survival, as the replacement process continued, histopathology revealed zones of residual necrotic tissue that were further reduced in size. Ablation zones had been resorbed and contracted by fibrous scar tissue. The average volume of the treatment effect decreased to 1.1 cm (RUL) and to 1.6 cm (RLL) in equivalent diameter. There were no complications in any of the nine animals.Conclusion - In healthy swine lungs, RFA with a 1.4-mm OD, radial-EBUS-sheath-compatible, endobronchial catheter was effective and safe. This system and therapeutic approach may be considered for further evaluation in minimally invasive treatment of tumorous lung nodules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages5252-5258
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 20 2020Jul 24 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/20/207/24/20

Keywords

  • Ablation
  • Cancer
  • Catheter
  • Endobronchial
  • Radiofrequency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term Survival Results following Endobronchial RF Ablation in a Healthy-Porcine Model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this