This paper presents results from long-term survival study where healthy swine were ablated with a novel technology designed for treating early-stage non-small cell lung cancer using an endobronchial flexible catheter.Methods - The radiofrequency ablation (RFA) system has been presented previously and consisted of an ablation catheter, radiofrequency generator, irrigation pump for infusion of hypertonic saline (HS) and a laptop. The catheter carried an occlusion balloon, a 5 mm long RF electrode, with irrigation holes, and a 1 mm long electrode for bipolar impedance measurements. The outer diameter (OD) was 1.4 mm for compatibility with current bronchoscopes, navigation systems and radial EBUS. Nine swine were treated in this study with survival times of 1, 4 and 12 weeks (N=3 at each time point). In all animals, the treatment sites consisted of one location in the upper right lung (RUL) and another one in the lower right lung (RLL). CTs were taken pre-op, immediately post-op and at every 2 weeks post treatment. Ablation times ranged from 6 to 8 min and average applied power was 68 W (range 63 - 72 W).Results - At 1-week survival, large zones of necrotic tissue were observed in all respective 6 ablations. Ablation volumes had an average diameter of 3.2 cm at RUL locations and 3.8 cm in RLLs (likely due to longer RLL ablation durations). As time progressed, the necrotic tissue was gradually replaced with fibrotic tissue. At 4-week survival, the replacement was almost complete in all respective 3 animals. As a result, ablation volumes decreased to an average diameter of 1.3 cm at RUL locations and 2.3 cm in RLLs (likely due to longer RLL ablation durations). At 12-week survival, as the replacement process continued, histopathology revealed zones of residual necrotic tissue that were further reduced in size. Ablation zones had been resorbed and contracted by fibrous scar tissue. The average volume of the treatment effect decreased to 1.1 cm (RUL) and to 1.6 cm (RLL) in equivalent diameter. There were no complications in any of the nine animals.Conclusion - In healthy swine lungs, RFA with a 1.4-mm OD, radial-EBUS-sheath-compatible, endobronchial catheter was effective and safe. This system and therapeutic approach may be considered for further evaluation in minimally invasive treatment of tumorous lung nodules.