Objectives: To examine the association between a contralateral carotid artery occlusion (CCO) and the rates of subsequent target-lesion restenosis and revascularization after carotid artery stenting (CAS). Background: Patients with carotid artery disease undergoing revascularization often have a CCO. The association of a CCO with long-term outcomes after CAS is uncertain. Methods: At two institutions, 267 CAS procedures were performed from 2006 to 2016 including 47 (18%) with a CCO. Regular follow-up with duplex carotid ultrasound was performed to assess for restenosis. Univariate Cox regression analysis was performed to evaluate the association between the presence of a CCO and repeat revascularization. Results: The mean patient age was 70 years. There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in procedural indication (asymptomatic vs ischemic symptoms) or medical comorbidities between groups. During 5-year follow up, the rate of duplex-derived >80% stenosis was 6% in the non-CCO group and 9% in the CCO group (P = 0.45). Despite similar rates of >80% restenosis, there was a significant association between CCO and subsequent target-lesion revascularization (TLR), with rates of 6.4% vs 0.9% at 5 years (HR 7.2, confidence interval (CI) 1.2–43, P = 0.04). There were no significant differences between groups in the 5-year rates of stroke (4.3% in CCO group vs 4.5% in non-CCO group, HR 0.53, CI 0.07–4.22, P = 1.0) or MACCE (15% vs 18%, HR 0.55, CI 0.2–1.55, P = 0.68). Conclusions: Patients undergoing CAS with a CCO were more likely to undergo TLR during long-term follow up, but they did not have any differences in procedural success or short- and long-term outcomes.
- carotid artery disease
- carotid artery occlusion
- carotid stenting
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine