Long-term exposure to ozone increases acute pulmonary centriacinar injury by 1-nitronaphthalene: I. Region-specific enzyme activity

Renee C. Paige, Fred H. Royce, Charles Plopper, Alan R Buckpitt

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Abstract

To test whether exposure to ozone alters pulmonary cytochrome P450 monooxygenase-mediated metabolism of xenobiotics, rates of 1-nitronaphthalene (1-NN) metabolism were measured in microsomes prepared from trachea, intrapulmonary airways, and distal lung of rats exposed to filtered air (FA) or ozone (O3) (0.8 ppm 8 h/day for 90 days). Regioisomeric glutathione conjugates derived from intermediate epoxides were measured by HPLC. Compared with FA, rates of glutathione conjugate formation in distal lung (including the central acinus) were elevated 2-fold in O3-exposed rats. Activity for cytochrome P450 2B, the isozyme thought to be responsible for the metabolic activation of 1-NN, was increased 3-fold in the distal lung of O3- compared with FA-exposed rats. There was a 2 ± 0.5-fold increase in immunodetectable CYP 2B protein in microsomes from the same lung subcompartment (P < .05). Immunodetectable protein was expressed in nonciliated epithelial (or 'Clara') cells and not associated with ciliated epithelial cells. No differences between O3- and FA-exposed rats were noted in 1-NN metabolism or CYP 2B activity in trachea or intrapulmonary airways. This study emphasizes that cellular and biochemical alterations associated with long-term O3 exposure vary considerably by location within the lung. Long-term exposure to O3 elevates both CYP 2B activity and 1-NN metabolism in an airway-specific manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)934-941
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume295
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000

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Acute Lung Injury
Ozone
Lung
Enzymes
Air
Microsomes
Trachea
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Glutathione
Epoxy Compounds
Xenobiotics
Mixed Function Oxygenases
Isoenzymes
1-nitronaphthalene
Proteins
Epithelial Cells
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Long-term exposure to ozone increases acute pulmonary centriacinar injury by 1-nitronaphthalene: I. Region-specific enzyme activity",
abstract = "To test whether exposure to ozone alters pulmonary cytochrome P450 monooxygenase-mediated metabolism of xenobiotics, rates of 1-nitronaphthalene (1-NN) metabolism were measured in microsomes prepared from trachea, intrapulmonary airways, and distal lung of rats exposed to filtered air (FA) or ozone (O3) (0.8 ppm 8 h/day for 90 days). Regioisomeric glutathione conjugates derived from intermediate epoxides were measured by HPLC. Compared with FA, rates of glutathione conjugate formation in distal lung (including the central acinus) were elevated 2-fold in O3-exposed rats. Activity for cytochrome P450 2B, the isozyme thought to be responsible for the metabolic activation of 1-NN, was increased 3-fold in the distal lung of O3- compared with FA-exposed rats. There was a 2 ± 0.5-fold increase in immunodetectable CYP 2B protein in microsomes from the same lung subcompartment (P < .05). Immunodetectable protein was expressed in nonciliated epithelial (or 'Clara') cells and not associated with ciliated epithelial cells. No differences between O3- and FA-exposed rats were noted in 1-NN metabolism or CYP 2B activity in trachea or intrapulmonary airways. This study emphasizes that cellular and biochemical alterations associated with long-term O3 exposure vary considerably by location within the lung. Long-term exposure to O3 elevates both CYP 2B activity and 1-NN metabolism in an airway-specific manner.",
author = "Paige, {Renee C.} and Royce, {Fred H.} and Charles Plopper and Buckpitt, {Alan R}",
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T1 - Long-term exposure to ozone increases acute pulmonary centriacinar injury by 1-nitronaphthalene

T2 - I. Region-specific enzyme activity

AU - Paige, Renee C.

AU - Royce, Fred H.

AU - Plopper, Charles

AU - Buckpitt, Alan R

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - To test whether exposure to ozone alters pulmonary cytochrome P450 monooxygenase-mediated metabolism of xenobiotics, rates of 1-nitronaphthalene (1-NN) metabolism were measured in microsomes prepared from trachea, intrapulmonary airways, and distal lung of rats exposed to filtered air (FA) or ozone (O3) (0.8 ppm 8 h/day for 90 days). Regioisomeric glutathione conjugates derived from intermediate epoxides were measured by HPLC. Compared with FA, rates of glutathione conjugate formation in distal lung (including the central acinus) were elevated 2-fold in O3-exposed rats. Activity for cytochrome P450 2B, the isozyme thought to be responsible for the metabolic activation of 1-NN, was increased 3-fold in the distal lung of O3- compared with FA-exposed rats. There was a 2 ± 0.5-fold increase in immunodetectable CYP 2B protein in microsomes from the same lung subcompartment (P < .05). Immunodetectable protein was expressed in nonciliated epithelial (or 'Clara') cells and not associated with ciliated epithelial cells. No differences between O3- and FA-exposed rats were noted in 1-NN metabolism or CYP 2B activity in trachea or intrapulmonary airways. This study emphasizes that cellular and biochemical alterations associated with long-term O3 exposure vary considerably by location within the lung. Long-term exposure to O3 elevates both CYP 2B activity and 1-NN metabolism in an airway-specific manner.

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