Long-term angiographic follow-up of robotic-assisted coronary artery revascularization

Maria E. Currie, Jonathan Romsa, Stephanie A. Fox, William C. Vezina, Cigdem Akincioglu, James C. Warrington, R. Scott McClure, Larry W. Stitt, Alan H. Menkis, Walter D Boyd, Bob Kiaii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Robotic-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been shown in short-term studies to increase patient satisfaction and to reduce surgical morbidity and recovery times. However, the long-term patency rate of robotic-assisted CABG is unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the long-term patency rate of robotic-assisted coronary artery bypass grafts. Methods: The study cohort included all patients who underwent robotic-assisted conduit dissection for CABG at London Health Sciences Centre between September 1999 and December 2003. These patients had selective graft patency assessment using cardiac catheterization or computed tomography angiography (CTA), or both, and stress myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) 5 to 10 years after surgery to evaluate graft patency and to give functional information on the hemodynamic significance of any graft stenosis. Patients also completed quality of life questionnaires. Results: From a total of 160 patients who underwent robotic-assisted CABG, 82 eligible patients were followed with graft patency assessments for a mean period of 8 years ± 16.3 months. The patency rate of all robotic-assisted CABG grafts in this patient cohort was 92.7%. The patency rate of left internal thoracic artery grafts to the left anterior descending artery after robotic-assisted CABG in this patient cohort was 93.4%. Patients consistently attained high scores on quality of life questionnaires after surgery. Conclusions: The long-term patency rate of grafts after robotic-assisted CABG was 92.7% at a mean follow-up period of 95.8 ± 16.3 months. Specifically, the patency rate of left internal thoracic artery grafts to the left anterior descending artery after robotic-assisted CABG was 93.4%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1426-1431
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume93
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • CABG
  • computed tomography
  • computed tomography angiography
  • coronary artery bypass grafting
  • CT
  • CTA
  • EndoACAB
  • endoscopic atraumatic coronary artery bypass
  • internal thoracic artery
  • ITA
  • LAD
  • left anterior descending artery
  • left internal thoracic artery
  • LITA
  • Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey
  • MIBI
  • MPS
  • myocardial perfusion scintigraphy
  • SAQ
  • Seattle Angina Questionnaire
  • SF-36
  • TECAB
  • technetium-99m 2-methoxyisobutyl-isonitrile
  • totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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    Currie, M. E., Romsa, J., Fox, S. A., Vezina, W. C., Akincioglu, C., Warrington, J. C., McClure, R. S., Stitt, L. W., Menkis, A. H., Boyd, W. D., & Kiaii, B. (2012). Long-term angiographic follow-up of robotic-assisted coronary artery revascularization. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 93(5), 1426-1431. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2011.11.031