LOINC, a universal standard for identifying laboratory observations: A 5-year update

Clement J. McDonald, Stanley M. Huff, Jeffrey G. Suico, Gilbert Hill, Dennis Leavelle, Raymond Aller, Arden Forrey, Kathy Mercer, Georges DeMoor, John Hook, Warren Williams, James Case, Pat Maloney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

232 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes (LOINC®) database provides a universal code system for reporting laboratory and other clinical observations. Its purpose is to identify observations in electronic messages such as Health Level Seven (HL7) observation messages, so that when hospitals, health maintenance organizations, pharmaceutical manufacturers, researchers, and public health departments receive such messages from multiple sources, they can automatically file the results in the right slots of their medical records, research, and/or public health systems. For each observation, the database includes a code (of which 25 000 are laboratory test observations), a long formal name, a "short" 30-character name, and synonyms. The database comes with a mapping program called Regenstrief LOINC Mapping Assistant (RELMA™) to assist the mapping of local test codes to LOINC codes and to facilitate browsing of the LOINC results. Both LOINC and RELMA are available at no cost from http://www.regenstrief.org/loinc/. The LOINC medical database carries records for >30000 different observations. LOINC codes are being used by large reference laboratories and federal agencies, e.g., the CDC and the Department of Veterans Affairs, and are part of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) attachment proposal. Internationally, they have been adopted in Switzerland, Hong Kong, Australia, and Canada, and by the German national standards organization, the Deutsches Instituts für Normung. Laboratories should include LOINC codes in their outbound HL7 messages so that clinical and research clients can easily integrate these results into their clinical and research repositories. Laboratories should also encourage instrument vendors to deliver LOINC codes in their instrument outputs and demand LOINC codes in HL7 messages they get from reference laboratories to avoid the need to lump so many referral tests under the "send out lab" code.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)624-633
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Chemistry
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes
Public health
Databases
Health
Health insurance
Names
Health Level Seven
Hospital Maintenance and Engineering
Public Health
Observation
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Health Maintenance Organizations
Hong Kong
Veterans
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Switzerland

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this

McDonald, C. J., Huff, S. M., Suico, J. G., Hill, G., Leavelle, D., Aller, R., ... Maloney, P. (2003). LOINC, a universal standard for identifying laboratory observations: A 5-year update. Clinical Chemistry, 49(4), 624-633. https://doi.org/10.1373/49.4.624

LOINC, a universal standard for identifying laboratory observations : A 5-year update. / McDonald, Clement J.; Huff, Stanley M.; Suico, Jeffrey G.; Hill, Gilbert; Leavelle, Dennis; Aller, Raymond; Forrey, Arden; Mercer, Kathy; DeMoor, Georges; Hook, John; Williams, Warren; Case, James; Maloney, Pat.

In: Clinical Chemistry, Vol. 49, No. 4, 01.04.2003, p. 624-633.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McDonald, CJ, Huff, SM, Suico, JG, Hill, G, Leavelle, D, Aller, R, Forrey, A, Mercer, K, DeMoor, G, Hook, J, Williams, W, Case, J & Maloney, P 2003, 'LOINC, a universal standard for identifying laboratory observations: A 5-year update', Clinical Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 624-633. https://doi.org/10.1373/49.4.624
McDonald CJ, Huff SM, Suico JG, Hill G, Leavelle D, Aller R et al. LOINC, a universal standard for identifying laboratory observations: A 5-year update. Clinical Chemistry. 2003 Apr 1;49(4):624-633. https://doi.org/10.1373/49.4.624
McDonald, Clement J. ; Huff, Stanley M. ; Suico, Jeffrey G. ; Hill, Gilbert ; Leavelle, Dennis ; Aller, Raymond ; Forrey, Arden ; Mercer, Kathy ; DeMoor, Georges ; Hook, John ; Williams, Warren ; Case, James ; Maloney, Pat. / LOINC, a universal standard for identifying laboratory observations : A 5-year update. In: Clinical Chemistry. 2003 ; Vol. 49, No. 4. pp. 624-633.
@article{9becea2ead4b4f1b86e296e3219cb93a,
title = "LOINC, a universal standard for identifying laboratory observations: A 5-year update",
abstract = "The Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes (LOINC{\circledR}) database provides a universal code system for reporting laboratory and other clinical observations. Its purpose is to identify observations in electronic messages such as Health Level Seven (HL7) observation messages, so that when hospitals, health maintenance organizations, pharmaceutical manufacturers, researchers, and public health departments receive such messages from multiple sources, they can automatically file the results in the right slots of their medical records, research, and/or public health systems. For each observation, the database includes a code (of which 25 000 are laboratory test observations), a long formal name, a {"}short{"} 30-character name, and synonyms. The database comes with a mapping program called Regenstrief LOINC Mapping Assistant (RELMA™) to assist the mapping of local test codes to LOINC codes and to facilitate browsing of the LOINC results. Both LOINC and RELMA are available at no cost from http://www.regenstrief.org/loinc/. The LOINC medical database carries records for >30000 different observations. LOINC codes are being used by large reference laboratories and federal agencies, e.g., the CDC and the Department of Veterans Affairs, and are part of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) attachment proposal. Internationally, they have been adopted in Switzerland, Hong Kong, Australia, and Canada, and by the German national standards organization, the Deutsches Instituts f{\"u}r Normung. Laboratories should include LOINC codes in their outbound HL7 messages so that clinical and research clients can easily integrate these results into their clinical and research repositories. Laboratories should also encourage instrument vendors to deliver LOINC codes in their instrument outputs and demand LOINC codes in HL7 messages they get from reference laboratories to avoid the need to lump so many referral tests under the {"}send out lab{"} code.",
author = "McDonald, {Clement J.} and Huff, {Stanley M.} and Suico, {Jeffrey G.} and Gilbert Hill and Dennis Leavelle and Raymond Aller and Arden Forrey and Kathy Mercer and Georges DeMoor and John Hook and Warren Williams and James Case and Pat Maloney",
year = "2003",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1373/49.4.624",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "624--633",
journal = "Clinical Chemistry",
issn = "0009-9147",
publisher = "American Association for Clinical Chemistry Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - LOINC, a universal standard for identifying laboratory observations

T2 - A 5-year update

AU - McDonald, Clement J.

AU - Huff, Stanley M.

AU - Suico, Jeffrey G.

AU - Hill, Gilbert

AU - Leavelle, Dennis

AU - Aller, Raymond

AU - Forrey, Arden

AU - Mercer, Kathy

AU - DeMoor, Georges

AU - Hook, John

AU - Williams, Warren

AU - Case, James

AU - Maloney, Pat

PY - 2003/4/1

Y1 - 2003/4/1

N2 - The Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes (LOINC®) database provides a universal code system for reporting laboratory and other clinical observations. Its purpose is to identify observations in electronic messages such as Health Level Seven (HL7) observation messages, so that when hospitals, health maintenance organizations, pharmaceutical manufacturers, researchers, and public health departments receive such messages from multiple sources, they can automatically file the results in the right slots of their medical records, research, and/or public health systems. For each observation, the database includes a code (of which 25 000 are laboratory test observations), a long formal name, a "short" 30-character name, and synonyms. The database comes with a mapping program called Regenstrief LOINC Mapping Assistant (RELMA™) to assist the mapping of local test codes to LOINC codes and to facilitate browsing of the LOINC results. Both LOINC and RELMA are available at no cost from http://www.regenstrief.org/loinc/. The LOINC medical database carries records for >30000 different observations. LOINC codes are being used by large reference laboratories and federal agencies, e.g., the CDC and the Department of Veterans Affairs, and are part of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) attachment proposal. Internationally, they have been adopted in Switzerland, Hong Kong, Australia, and Canada, and by the German national standards organization, the Deutsches Instituts für Normung. Laboratories should include LOINC codes in their outbound HL7 messages so that clinical and research clients can easily integrate these results into their clinical and research repositories. Laboratories should also encourage instrument vendors to deliver LOINC codes in their instrument outputs and demand LOINC codes in HL7 messages they get from reference laboratories to avoid the need to lump so many referral tests under the "send out lab" code.

AB - The Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes (LOINC®) database provides a universal code system for reporting laboratory and other clinical observations. Its purpose is to identify observations in electronic messages such as Health Level Seven (HL7) observation messages, so that when hospitals, health maintenance organizations, pharmaceutical manufacturers, researchers, and public health departments receive such messages from multiple sources, they can automatically file the results in the right slots of their medical records, research, and/or public health systems. For each observation, the database includes a code (of which 25 000 are laboratory test observations), a long formal name, a "short" 30-character name, and synonyms. The database comes with a mapping program called Regenstrief LOINC Mapping Assistant (RELMA™) to assist the mapping of local test codes to LOINC codes and to facilitate browsing of the LOINC results. Both LOINC and RELMA are available at no cost from http://www.regenstrief.org/loinc/. The LOINC medical database carries records for >30000 different observations. LOINC codes are being used by large reference laboratories and federal agencies, e.g., the CDC and the Department of Veterans Affairs, and are part of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) attachment proposal. Internationally, they have been adopted in Switzerland, Hong Kong, Australia, and Canada, and by the German national standards organization, the Deutsches Instituts für Normung. Laboratories should include LOINC codes in their outbound HL7 messages so that clinical and research clients can easily integrate these results into their clinical and research repositories. Laboratories should also encourage instrument vendors to deliver LOINC codes in their instrument outputs and demand LOINC codes in HL7 messages they get from reference laboratories to avoid the need to lump so many referral tests under the "send out lab" code.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037380904&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037380904&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1373/49.4.624

DO - 10.1373/49.4.624

M3 - Article

C2 - 12651816

AN - SCOPUS:0037380904

VL - 49

SP - 624

EP - 633

JO - Clinical Chemistry

JF - Clinical Chemistry

SN - 0009-9147

IS - 4

ER -