Purpose: The ARST0332 trial for pediatric and young adults with nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma (NRSTS) used risk-based treatment including primary resection with lower-than-standard radiation doses to optimize local control (LC) while minimizing long-term toxicity in those requiring radiation therapy (RT). RT for high-grade NRSTS was based on extent of resection (R0: negative margins, R1: microscopic margins, R2/U: gross disease/unresectable); those with >5 cm tumors received chemotherapy (CT; ifosfamide/doxorubicin). This analysis evaluates LC for patients assigned to RT and prognostic factors associated with local recurrence (LR). Methods and Materials: Patients aged <30 years with high-grade NRSTS received RT (55.8 Gy) for R1 ≤5 cm tumor (arm B); RT (55.8 Gy)/CT for R0/R1 >5 cm tumor (arm C); or neoadjuvant RT (45 Gy)/CT plus delayed surgery, CT, and postoperative boost to 10.8 Gy R0 <5 mm margins/R1 or 19.8 Gy for R2/unresected tumors (arm D). Results: One hundred ninety-three eligible patients had 24 LRs (arm B 1/15 [6.7%], arm C 7/65 [10.8%], arm D 16/113 [14.2%]) at median time to LR of 1.1 years (range, 0.11-5.27). Of 95 eligible for delayed surgery after neoadjuvant therapy, 89 (93.7%) achieved R0/R1 margins. Overall LC after RT were as follows: R0, 106 of 109 (97%); R1, 51 of 60 (85%); and R2/unresectable, 2 of 6 (33%). LR predictors include extent of delayed resection (P <.001), imaging response before delayed surgery (P < .001), histologic subtype (P <.001), and no RT (P = .046). The 5-year event-free survival was significantly lower (P = .0003) for patients unable to undergo R0/R1 resection. Conclusions: Risk-based treatment for young patients with high-grade NRSTS treated on ARST0332 produced very high LC, particularly after R0 resection (97%), despite lower-than-standard RT doses. Neoadjuvant CT/RT enabled delayed R0/R1 resection in most patients and is preferred over adjuvant therapy due to the lower RT dose delivered.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research